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The differential proteomic approach (2D gel analysis coupled to MALDI-MS analysis) of nuclear proteins can provide an extremely useful tool to understand control of cell proliferation and differentiation. In order to identify possible markers of dedifferentiation between normal and cancerous thyroid cells, we used a differential proteomics approach by(More)
Oxidative stress is a major pathogenetic event occurring in several liver disorders and is a major cause of liver damage due to Ischemia/Reperfusion (I/R) during liver transplantation. While several markers of chronic oxidative stress are well known, early protein targets of oxidative injury are not well defined. In order to identify these proteins, we used(More)
The homeodomain (encoded by the homeobox) is the DNA-binding domain of a large variety of transcriptional regulators involved in controlling cell fate decisions and development. Mutations of homeobox-containing genes cause several diseases in humans. A variety of missense mutations giving rise to human diseases have been described. These mutations are an(More)
Nucleophosmin (NPM) is a protein that contributes to several cell functions. Depending on the context, it can act as an oncogene or tumor suppressor. No data are available on NPM expression in thyroid cells. In this work, we analyzed both NPM mRNA and protein levels in a series of human thyroid tumor tissues and cell lines. By using immunohistochemistry,(More)
Oxidative stress is one of the most relevant contributors of cataractogenesis. To identify early protein targets of oxidative stress in lens cells, we used a differential proteomics approach to CD5A human epithelial lens cells treated with 500 microM H2O2 for 30 min. This dose of H2O2 was assayed to induce efficiently a block of cellular proliferation and(More)
Knowledge of early molecular events occurring upon ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) during liver transplantation (LT) is of great importance to improve the therapeutic intervention of surgical treatment. However, nowadays, few data are available on early protein targets of I/R injury. To identify these proteins, we used a differential proteomics approach in the(More)
Galectins are a family of animal beta-galactoside-binding lectins involved in malignant transformation and progression. The present study evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of galectin-3 in a consecutive series of 81 radically resected non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs). The main pattern of galectin-3 expression was cytoplasmic (median(More)
Analysis of tumour samples by a proteomic technology, which combines two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry analysis, is a promising approach for molecular characterization of cancer. Proteomic analysis of neoplasms is usually performed on surgical material. The possibility to perform proteomic analysis on pre-operative samples might be(More)
Mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are associated with different human diseases, including cancer and aging. Reactive oxygen species produced during oxidative phosphorylation are a major source of mtDNA damage. It is not clear, however, whether DNA repair mechanisms, able to abolish effects due to oxidative damage, are present in mitochondria. APE/Ref-1(More)
Thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) is a homeodomain-containing transcriptional regulator responsible for the activation of thyroid- and lung-specific genes. It has been demonstrated that its DNA binding activity is redox-regulated in vitro through the formation of dimers and oligomeric species. In this paper, we demonstrate that the redox regulation(More)