Igor P Beletsky

Learn More
Three nuclease activities have been found and characterized in rat thymocyte nuclear extracts. A Mn(2+)-dependent nuclease is loosely bound to nuclear components and can be extracted with 0.35 M NaCl. The enzyme is activated by Mn2+ but not by Mg2+, Ca2+, or both. Its molecular mass is 36-40 kDa when measured by gel filtration and 37 kDa by SDS/PAGE. An(More)
A new assay for the evaluation of cell viability is described. It is based on the staining of dead cells and subsequently the whole cell population with ethidium bromide (EtBr). The method makes it possible to measure cytotoxic and cytostatic effects simultaneously and cell cultures grown both in suspension as well as by adherence may be assessed. The(More)
Whereas there is ample evidence for involvement of the p55 tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor (p55-R) in the cytocidal effect of TNF, the role of the p75 TNF receptor (p75-R) in this effect is a matter of debate. In this study, we probed the function of p75-R in cells sensitive to the cytotoxicity of TNF using a wide panel of antibodies (Abs) against the(More)
Exposure of thymoma BW 5147 cells to cold (0-2 degrees C) followed by rewarming at 37 degrees C (cold shock) resulted in internucleosomal DNA cleavage. Sensitivity to cold shock-induced cell death was critically dependent on the serum concentration in the medium and limited to serum-deficient medium (2% serum concentration), whereas cells in the complete(More)
We show that an enzyme exists in rat brain capable of cleaving the caspase-3 specific peptide substrate Ac-DEVD-AMC at low pH. The enzyme shows properties of a cysteine protease and is localized, predominantly, in lysosomes. We have purified this enzyme from rat brain and identified it by MALDI-TOF MS. The enzyme possessing “acidic” DEVDase activity in rat(More)
Fas/FasL system is involved in pathogenesis of a variety of autoimmune diseases. In overwhelming majority of situations alterations in Fas and FasL expression are viewed in frames of Fas-mediated apoptosis. In the present work we tested a possible involvement of Fas-ligand-mediated "reverse signaling" in pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as(More)
Soluble Fas antigen can protect cells against Fas-mediated apoptosis. High level soluble Fas antigen characteristic for blood of patients with autoimmune disease or cancer is believed to prevent the elimination of autoimmune lymphocytes or tumor cells. Here we first report that human recombinant FasDeltaTM, i.e. soluble Fas generated by alternative splicing(More)
Currently, chemical bifunctional cross-linkers are regarded as promising therapeutic agents capable of affecting cell metabolism. Depending on the nature of the active groups and on the length of their mediating spacer, these cross-linkers have been shown to influence mitochondrial functions, the cell cycle and cell death. The current study was aimed to(More)
Antibodies to Fas/APO1 receptor induce effective apoptosis in WIL-2 cells of the human B-lymphoid line. Quantitative assessment of the extent of the death in cells synchronized by thymidine block revealed a significant increase in their sensitivity to the cytocidal effect mediated by Fas/APO1 during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Western analysis of the(More)
The mode and the kinetics of the death of T-thymoma cells upon dexamethasone treatment and gamma-irradiation (10Gy) have been studied using flow cytometry and biochemical analysis. It has been shown that the hormone and gamma-irradiation induce cell death by apoptosis. In both cases the cells are initially blocked in G2/M and die only after overcoming the(More)