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Deformation-based morphometry (DBM) is a useful technique to detect morphological differences over the entire brain since it analyses positional differences between every voxel and a standard brain. In this report we compare DBM to semimanual tracing of brain ventricles in a population of 39 patients with schizophrenia. High-resolution T(1)-weighted(More)
Temporal information processing is a fundamental brain function, which might include central timekeeping mechanisms independent of sensory modality. Psychopharmacological and patient studies suggest a crucial role of the basal ganglia in time estimation. In this study, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was applied in 15 healthy right-handed male(More)
Auditory hallucinations are a frequent symptom in schizophrenia. While functional imaging studies have suggested the association of certain patterns of brain activity with sub-syndromes or single symptoms (e.g. positive symptoms such as hallucinations), there has been only limited evidence from structural imaging or post-mortem studies. In this study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous morphometric studies are suggesting altered cortical thickness mainly in prefronto-temporal regions in first episode schizophrenia. In an extension of these earlier studies, we used an entire cortex vertex-wise approach and an automated clustering for the detection and exact quantification of cortical thickness alterations in first(More)
Previous research indicates that verbal learning and memory deficits are among the most severe cognitive deficits observed in schizophrenia. However, the concomitant patterns of regional brain function associated with these deficits in schizophrenia are not well understood. The present study examined verbal-memory performance and simultaneous relative(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies of schizophrenia have revealed white matter abnormalities in several areas of the brain. The functional impact on either psychopathology or cognition remains, however, poorly understood. Here we analysed both functional MRI (during a working memory task) and DTI data sets in 18 patients with schizophrenia and 18(More)
In an exploration of the schizophrenia spectrum, we compared cortical metabolic rates in unmedicated patients with schizophrenia and schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) with findings in age- and sex-matched normal volunteers. Coregistered magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) scans were obtained in 27 schizophrenic, 13(More)
fMRI was performed in nine male schizophrenia patients and 15 healthy male controls during an auditory time estimation (timing), a frequency (i.e. pitch) discrimination task, and rest. An adaptive psychophysical approach, the weighted up-down method, was used to adjust individual performance to a level of 75% probability for correct answers. Although(More)
Alterations in brain function in schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric disorders are evident not only during specific cognitive challenges, but also from functional MRI data obtained during a resting state. Here we apply probabilistic independent component analysis (pICA) to resting state fMRI series in 25 schizophrenia patients and 25 matched healthy(More)