Igor N Zelko

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Superoxide dismutases are an ubiquitous family of enzymes that function to efficiently catalyze the dismutation of superoxide anions. Three unique and highly compartmentalized mammalian superoxide dismutases have been biochemically and molecularly characterized to date. SOD1, or CuZn-SOD (EC, was the first enzyme to be characterized and is a(More)
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3), a secretory copper-containing antioxidant enzyme, plays an important role in various oxidative stress-dependent cardiovascular diseases. Although cofactor copper is required for SOD3 activity, it remains unknown whether it can regulate SOD3 transcription. We previously demonstrated that SOD3 activity requires the(More)
Chronic exposure to low-O2 tension induces pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which is characterized by vascular remodeling and enhanced vasoreactivity. Recent evidence suggests that reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be involved in both processes. In this study, we critically examine the role superoxide and NADPH oxidase plays in the development of(More)
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is the major antioxidant enzyme present in the vascular wall, and is responsible for both the protection of vessels from oxidative stress and for the modulation of vascular tone. Concentrations of EC-SOD in human pulmonary arteries are very high relative to other tissues, and the expression of EC-SOD appears(More)
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) plays an important role in maintaining normal redox homeostasis in the lung. It is expressed at very high levels in pulmonary fibroblasts, alveolar type II epithelial cells, and smooth muscle cells. The molecular mechanisms governing this cell-specific expression of EC-SOD are mostly unknown. In our previous(More)
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is the major extracellular antioxidant enzyme and may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of a variety of pulmonary, neurological, and cardiovascular diseases. We report here that exposure to the deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) induces EC-SOD mRNA levels in mIMCD3 and Hepa 1-6 cells, but reduces(More)
Hypoxia and biological responses to hypoxia are commonly encountered in both normal and pathologic cellular processes. Here we report that extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) plays a major role in regulating the magnitude of hypoxia-induced erythropoietin (Epo) gene expression, thus implicating superoxide as an intermediary signal transduction(More)
The molecular mechanisms that govern the transcription of human extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD), the major extracellular antioxidant enzyme, are largely unknown. To elucidate the mechanisms involved in human EC-SOD gene regulation and expression, we localized multiple transcription start sites to a finite region located 3.9 kb upstream of the(More)
Previous work suggests that superoxide mediates hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced constriction of isolated mouse coronary arteries (CA). To determine the source of superoxide overproduction during H/R we studied CA obtained from transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing human CuZn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) and mice lacking gp91(phox) using an in vitro vascular(More)
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD or SOD3) is an important protective enzyme against the toxicity of superoxide radicals that are produced under both physiological and pathophysiological conditions. We have isolated and characterized over 11 kb of the mouse EC-SOD gene and its 5'- and 3'-flanking regions. The gene consists of two exons, with the(More)