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Various conformational states of polypeptide chains were investigated by synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). SAXS patterns of proteins and model polypeptides in globular states (native and "molten globule") and in non-globular states (unfolded protein as well as randomly coiled, partially alpha-helical and partially beta-structural synthetic(More)
We describe three groups of small angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments with translating ribosomes: 1) regular protonated (normal abundance hydrogen) particles; 2) two isotopic hybrid particles which are reconstituted from one protonated and the other deuterated subunit; 3) four isotypic hybrid particles differing from each other by the extent of(More)
The conformation of mammalian elongation factor eEF1A in solution was examined by the small angle neutron scattering and scanning microcalorimetry. We have found that in contrast to the bacterial analogue the eEF1A molecule has no fixed rigid structure in solution. The radius of gyration of the eEF1A molecule (5.2 nm) is much greater than that of(More)
Polypeptide synthesis using either phenylalanine or lysine was initiated on Escherichia coli ribosomes; then the position and conformation of the nascent peptide were monitored by fluorescence techniques. To this end, fluorophores had been attached to the amino terminus of each nascent peptide, and major differences were observed as chain extension(More)
X-ray scattering, neutron scattering and velocity sedimentation techniques were used for studies of ribosomal 16 S RNA in the isolated state and in different complexes with ribosomal proteins. The neutron scattering curve of the ribosomal 30 S subparticle in 42% 2H2O where the protein component is contrast-matched, was taken as a standard of comparison(More)
Models of the 50S ribosomal subunit from electron microscopy on isolated particles and on ordered sheets display significantly different features. A model of the shape of the native Escherichia coli 50S subunit in solution and of its RNA-rich core at 4-nm resolution has been produced by using methods for joint interpretation of x-ray and neutron small-angle(More)
YB-1, a multifunctional DNA- and RNA-binding nucleocytoplasmic protein, is involved in the majority of DNA- and mRNA-dependent events in the cell. It consists of three structurally different domains: its central cold shock domain has the structure of a β-barrel, while the flanking domains are predicted to be intrinsically disordered. Recently, we showed(More)
Here we are the first to report that multifunctional Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) forms extended fibrils with a diameter of 15-20 nm. The YB-1 fibrils were visualized by atomic force and electron microscopy after 1-h incubation in solution with 2 M LiCl. Their length grew with incubation time and could exceed 10 microm; their shape is helical or(More)
The application of new methods of small-angle scattering data interpretation to a contrast variation study of the 50 S ribosomal subunit of Escherichia coli in solution is described. The experimental X-ray data from contrast variation with sucrose are analysed in terms of the basic functions in real space and the scattering curves from the volume(More)
In an earlier publication [Serdyuk, I.N. et al., Biofizika, in press, 1997] we demonstrated that the asymmetry extent of globular proteins does not change with increasing their sizes, and the observed nontrivial dependence of the protein accessible surface area on the molecular mass [Miller, S., J. Mol. Biol. 196:641-656, 1987] (A(s) - M dependence) is a(More)