— Mobile malware has been growing in scale and complexity as smartphone usage continues to rise. Android has surpassed other mobile platforms as the most popular whilst also witnessing a dramatic increase in malware targeting the platform. A worrying trend that is emerging is the increasing sophistication of Android malware to evade detection by traditional… (More)
— With over 50 billion downloads and more than 1.3 million apps in Google's official market, Android has continued to gain popularity amongst smartphone users worldwide. At the same time there has been a rise in malware targeting the platform, with more recent strains employing highly sophisticated detection avoidance techniques. As traditional signature… (More)
—The battle to mitigate Android malware has become more critical with the emergence of new strains incorporating increasingly sophisticated evasion techniques, in turn necessitating more advanced detection capabilities. Hence, in this paper we propose and evaluate a machine learning based approach based on eigenspace analysis for Android malware detection… (More)
— Mobile malware has continued to grow at an alarming rate despite ongoing mitigation efforts. This has been much more prevalent on Android due to being an open platform that is rapidly overtaking other competing platforms in the mobile smart devices market. Recently, a new generation of Android malware families has emerged with advanced evasion… (More)
Android OS supports multiple communication methods between apps. This opens the possibility to carry out threats in a collaborative fashion, c.f. the Soundcomber example from 2011. In this paper we provide a concise definition of collusion and report on a number of automated detection approaches, developed in cooperation with Intel Security.
Automatic malware classifiers often perform badly on the detection of new malware, i.e., their robustness is poor. We study the machine-learning-based mobile malware classifiers and reveal one reason: the input features used by these classifiers can't capture general behavioural patterns of malware instances. We extract the best-performing syntax-based… (More)
Mobile malware has been increasingly identified based on unwanted behaviours like sending premium SMS messages. However, un-wanted behaviours for a group of apps can be normal for another, i.e., they are context-sensitive. We develop an approach to automatically explain unwanted behaviours in context and evaluate the automatic explanations via a user-study… (More)
Current machine-learning-based malware detection seldom provides information about why an app is considered bad. We study the automatic explanation of unwanted behaviours in mobile malware, e.g., sending premium SMS messages. Our approach combines machine learning and text mining techniques to produce explanations in natural language. It selects keywords… (More)