Igor Mitrovic

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Opioid mu, kappa and delta receptors are present in significant densities in the ventral pallidum (VP). To examine their contribution to VP neuronal activity, changes in firing rate during microiontophoresis of the receptor-selective agonists [D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly-ol5]-enkephalin (DAMGO) (mu), [D-Pen2,5]-enkephalin (DPDPE) (delta) and(More)
While the ventral pallidum (VP) is known to be important in relaying information between the nucleus accumbens and target structures, it has become clear that substantial information processing occurs within the VP. We evaluated the possibility that opioid modulation of other transmitters contained in VP afferents is involved in this process. Initially, we(More)
The ventral pallidum (VP) is situated at the convergence of midbrain dopamine and accumbal opioid efferent projections. Using in vivo electrophysiological procedures in chloral hydrate-anaesthetized rats, we examined whether discrete application of mu- [D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly-ol5 (DAMGO)] or kappa- (U50488) opioid receptor agonists could alter VP responses to(More)
The amygdala (AMG), nucleus accumbens (NA) and ventral pallidum (VP) influence goal-oriented behaviors. However, the nature of the interactions among these regions has not been well characterized. Anatomical studies indicate that excitatory amino acids are contained in VP inputs from the AMG, and the NA is a primary source of VP substance P (SP) and(More)
The ventral pallidum of the basal forebrain contains a high concentration of substance P and receives a massive projection from the nucleus accumbens. The present study was designed to determine whether the accumbens serves as a source for substance P-containing fibers in the ventral pallidum and characterize the function of this tachykinin peptide within(More)
Neurons in the ventral pallidum (VP) exhibit robust responding to activation of dopamine (DA) receptors of the D1 class. To determine if the VP adapts to chronic cessation of DA transmission, the present studies examined D1 receptor-mediated responses in the VP recorded extracellularly in chloral-hydrate anesthetized rats following destruction of DA neurons(More)
The neuropathological hallmarks of many neurodegenerative diseases are intraneuronal inclusions containing cytoskeletal proteins such as neurofilaments in Lewy bodies in Parkinson's disease and tau in neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease. Dysfunction in dopaminergic and cholinergic systems also exist in both Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's(More)
Substance P (SP) increases, and the mu-specific opioid agonist DAMGO decreases neuronal firing within ventral pallidum (VP) of the basal forebrain. This study investigated a possibility that some VP neurons are oppositionally co-regulated by SP and DAMGO using microiontophoresis combined with the extracellular electrophysiological recordings from chloral(More)
Introduction Many diseases including obesity, irritable bowel syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux disease, depression, anxiety, chronic pain and headaches are symptoms of stress or exacerbated by stress. Stress occurs when an individual’s perception or responses suggest that environmental demands tax or exceed his or her ability to cope (1). Identifying and(More)
Context • Weight loss and maintenance are associated with many health benefits, but long-term maintenance of weight loss remains elusive for many people. Overweight individuals are at higher risk than normal-weight individuals for stress-induced overeating. The use of stress-management tools in a weight loss program might decrease the physiological stress(More)
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