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Baseline platelet production is dependent on thrombopoietin (TPO). TPO is constitutively produced and primarily regulated by receptor-mediated uptake by platelets. Inflammatory thrombocytosis is thought to be related to increased interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels. To address whether IL-6 might act through TPO to increase platelet counts, TPO was neutralized in(More)
Anemia of chronic inflammation (ACI) is the most frequent anemia in hospitalized patients and is associated with significant morbidity. A major underlying mechanism of ACI is the retention of iron within cells of the reticuloendothelial system (RES), thus making the metal unavailable for efficient erythropoiesis. This reticuloendothelial iron sequestration(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) is the principal cytokine regulating erythropoiesis through its receptor, EPOR. Interestingly, EPORs are also found on immune cells with incompletely understood functions. Here, we show that EPO inhibits the induction of proinflammatory genes including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase in activated(More)
During the inflammatory response that drives atherogenesis, macrophages accumulate progressively in the expanding arterial wall. The observation that circulating monocytes give rise to lesional macrophages has reinforced the concept that monocyte infiltration dictates macrophage buildup. Recent work has indicated, however, that macrophage accumulation does(More)
Intestinal iron absorption is regulated by the body's demands for iron. Identification of divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) and ferroportin 1 (FPN1) has improved our understanding of iron transport across the intestinal epithelium. Although DMT1 and FPN1 mRNA bear an iron responsive element (IRE) within its untranslated regions which should cause(More)
BACKGROUND Mild iron overload is frequently observed in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). OBJECTIVE We aimed to study putative pathways underlying iron accumulation in NAFLD. DESIGN Hepatic and duodenal expression of critical iron molecules in NAFLD patients with (n = 32) and without (n = 29) iron overload, hereditary hemochromatosis (n = 10),(More)
In being both, a modifier of cellular immune effector pathways and an essential nutrient for microbes, iron is a critical determinant in host-pathogen interaction. Here, we investigated the metabolic changes of macrophage iron homeostasis and immune function following the infection of RAW264.7 murine macrophages with Salmonella typhimurium. We observed an(More)
Hereditary hemochromatosis and transfusional iron overload are frequent clinical conditions associated with progressive iron accumulation in parenchymal tissues, leading to eventual organ failure. We have discovered a new mechanism to reverse iron overload-pharmacological modulation of the divalent metal transporter-1 (DMT-1). DMT-1 mediates intracellular(More)
The genetic determinants of variation in iron status are actively sought, but remain incompletely understood. Meta-analysis of two genome-wide association (GWA) studies and replication in three independent cohorts was performed to identify genetic loci associated in the general population with serum levels of iron and markers of iron status, including(More)
The role of iron in the pathogenesis of cardio-vascular disorders is still controversial. We studied the effects of iron perturbations on myocardial injury upon temporary ischemia/reperfusion. C57BL/6J male mice were injected with iron dextran for 2 weeks while controls received saline. Mice were then subjected to 30 min of myocardial ischemia and(More)