Igor Križaj

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Based on previous screening for keratinolytic nonpathogenic fungi, Paecilomyces marquandii and Doratomyces microsporus were selected for production of potent keratinases. The enzymes were purified and their main biochemical characteristics were determined (molecular masses, optimal temperature and pH for keratinolytic activity, N-terminal amino acid(More)
Snake venom proteins that affect the haemostatic system can cause (a) lowering of blood coagulability, (b) damage to blood vessels, resulting in bleeding, (c) secondary effects of bleeding, e.g. hypovolaemic shock and organ damage, and (d) thrombosis. These proteins may, or may not, be enzymes. We review the data on the most relevant haemostatically active(More)
Novel hemolytic proteins, ostreolysin and aegerolysin, were purified from the fruiting bodies of the edible mushrooms Pleurotus ostreatus and Agrocybe aegerita. Both ostreolysin and aegerolysin have a molecular weight of about 16 kDa, have low isoelectric points of 5.0 and 4.85, are thermolabile, and hemolytic to bovine erythrocytes at nanomolar(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of equinatoxin II, a potent pore-forming toxin with hemolytic, cytotoxic and cardiotoxic activity from the venom of the sea anemone, Actinia equina L., is reported. In addition, circular dicroism was used to estimate the secondary structure of this toxin either in the water-soluble or in the membrane-anchored form.(More)
The amino acid sequence of a cathepsin D inhibitor isolated from potato is described. It was determined by analysis of peptides generated by use of the glycine-specific proteinase PPIV. The order of the peptides was established by examination of tryptic peptides derived from the two cyanogen bromide peptides. The inhibitor comprises 187 amino acid residues,(More)
Stefin B (cystatin B) is an endogenous inhibitor of cysteine proteinases localized in the nucleus and the cytosol. Loss-of-function mutations in the stefin B gene (CSTB) gene were reported in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease (EPM1). We have identified an interaction between stefin B and nucleosomes, specifically with histones H2A.Z, H2B, and H3. In(More)
In response to insect attack, high levels of proteinase inhibitors are synthesised in potato leaves. This can cause inefficient protein digestion in insects, leading to reduced growth, delayed development and lower fecundity. It has been suggested that Colorado potato beetle overcomes this defence mechanism by inducing the production of a set of cysteine(More)
Objective: To evaluate avidity of IgG anti-b2-glycoprotein I antibodies (anti-b2-GPI) in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in relation to thrombosis, and to demonstrate a possible affinity maturation of IgG anti-b2-GPI during the disease course. Methods: 64 sera from 32 patients (18 with primary or(More)
Ammodytin L (AtnL) is a Ser-49 secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) homologue with myotoxic activity. By analogy to the Lys-49 sPLA2 myotoxins, AtnL has been predicted to be enzymatically inactive due to the absence of the conserved Asp-49 that participates in coordination of the Ca2+ cofactor. By substituting Ser-49 and three other residues in the(More)