Igor J Nastaskin

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We tested the hypothesis that the duodenal hyperemic response to acid occurs through activation of capsaicin-sensitive afferent nerves with subsequent release of vasodilatory substances such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and nitric oxide (NO). Laser-Doppler flowmetry was used to measure duodenal blood flow in urethan-anesthetized rats. Duodenal(More)
We examined the dynamic regulation of mucus gel thickness (MGT) in vivo in rat duodenum in response to luminal acid, cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition, and exogenous PGE(2). An in vivo microscopic technique was used to measure MGT with fluorescent microspheres in urethan-anesthetized rats. Duodenal mucosa was topically superfused with pH 7.0 or pH 2.2(More)
Evidence points to a significant overlap between irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In this study, we evaluate this overlap by conducting a systematic review of the literature. Six electronic databases from 1966 through January 2005 were screened by multiple search terms to identify all epidmiological evidence linking(More)
Secretion of bicarbonate from epithelial cells is considered to be the primary mechanism by which the duodenal mucosa is protected from acid-related injury. Against this view is the finding that patients with cystic fibrosis, who have impaired duodenal bicarbonate secretion, are paradoxically protected from developing duodenal ulcers. Therefore, we(More)
We previously showed that the duodenal hyperemic response to acid occurs through activation of capsaicin-sensitive afferent nerves with subsequent release of vasodilatory substances such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and nitric oxide. We then tested the hypothesis that similar factors regulate duodenal mucus gel thickness. Gel thickness was(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Some patients diagnosed with UC undergo a change in diagnosis to CD. Identification of predictors of a diagnostic change could potentially impact the management of patients with colonic inflammation. Our aim was to characterize clinical and serologic predictors of a change in diagnosis from UC to CD. METHODS A nested, case-controlled(More)
We studied the role of duodenal cellular ion transport in epithelial defense mechanisms in response to rapid shifts of luminal pH. We used in vivo microscopy to measure duodenal epithelial cell intracellular pH (pH(i)), mucus gel thickness, blood flow, and HCO secretion in anesthetized rats with or without the Na(+)/H(+) exchange inhibitor(More)
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