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Human spermatozoa can be successfully cryopreserved avoiding the use of cryoprotectants through vitrification at very high cooling rates (up to 7.2 x 10(5) degrees C/min). This is achieved by directly plunging a copper cryoloop loaded with a sperm suspension into liquid nitrogen. After storage, vitrified spermatozoa are instantly thawed by melting in an(More)
BACKGROUND In contrast to the technique of conventional freezing, the vitrification of spermatozoa requires high cooling rates (720 000 degrees K/min), which could be damaging for spermatozoa. The aim of our study was to compare slowly frozen and vitrified spermatozoa in terms of their post-thaw DNA integrity and motility. METHODS Semen samples were(More)
The cryobiological preservation of mouse spermatozoa has presented difficulties in the form of poor motilities or irreproducibility. We have identified several likely underlying problems. One is that published studies have used concentrations of the cryoprotectant glycerol that are substantially lower (0.3 M) than the approximately 1 M concentrations that(More)
We tested a "standard" cryopreservation protocol (slow cooling with 10% DMSO) on the human embryonic stem cell (hESC) line H9 containing an Oct-4 (POU5F1) promoter-driven, enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter to monitor maintenance of pluripotency. Cells were cooled to -80 degrees C in cryovials and then transferred to a -80 degrees C freezer.(More)
The use of cryoprotective agents for the conventional cryopreservation of human spermatozoa, oocytes, zygotes, early cleavage stage embryos and blastocysts is an integral part of almost every human IVF programme. Moreover, the cryopreservation of these types of cells by direct plunging into liquid nitrogen usually requires high cryoprotectant concentrations(More)
Human spermatozoa can be successfully cryopreserved without the use of cryoprotectants through vitrification at very high warming rates. This is achieved by plunging a small amount of frozen sperm suspension into a warming medium, or a large amount of sperm suspension into an agitated warming medium. The aim of the present study was to compare the motility(More)
Intracellular concentration of potassium and sodium in two-cell mouse embryos in G1/S phase after exposition to vitrification solutions containing ethylene glycol (EG) and sucrose or after incubation in Dulbecco solution were measured by electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). The embryos at room temperature were treated in 10 percent EG for 10 min,(More)
Bose-Einstein correlations of charged and neutral kaons have been measured in e ± p deep inelastic scattering with an integrated luminosity of 121 pb −1 using the ZEUS detector at HERA. The two-particle correlation function was studied as a function of the four-momentum difference of the kaon pairs, Q 12 = −(p 1 − p 2) 2 , assuming a Gaussian shape for the(More)
Mouse sperm are exceptionally sensitive to mechanical forces associated with pipetting and mixing. This characteristic raised the question of the sensitivity of mouse sperm to centrifugation, a step necessary in the removal of cryoprotectants and a common component in the general manipulation of sperm suspensions for experimental purpose. Epididymal(More)
THREE MODES FOR CRYOPRESERVATION (CP) OF HUMAN IPSC CELLS HAVE BEEN COMPARED: STD: standard CP of small clumps with 10% of CPA in cryovials, ACC: dissociation of the cells with Accutase and freezing in cryovials, and PLT: programmed freezing of adherent cells in plastic multiwell dishes in a programmable freezer using one- and multistep cooling protocols.(More)