Igor Horrillo

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The objective of the present work was to study the effects of an early-life stress (maternal separation, MS) in the excitatory/inhibitory ratio as a potential factor contributing to the ageing process, and the purported normalizing effects of chronic treatment with the antidepressant venlafaxine. MS induced depressive-like behaviour in the Porsolt forced(More)
BACKGROUND Patients suffering chronic pain are at high risk of suffering long-lasting emotional disturbances characterized by persistent low mood and anxiety. We propose that this might be the result of a functional impairment in noradrenergic circuits associated with locus coeruleus (LC) and prefrontal cortex, where emotional and sensorial pain processes(More)
Peripheral neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that may produce plastic changes in several brain regions. The noradrenergic locus coeruleus (LC) is a crucial component of ascending and descending pain pathways, both of which are frequently compromised after nerve injury. The objective of the study was to examine whether chronic constriction injury(More)
  In humans, diurnal tooth-clenching and other oral stereotyped behaviour are associated with stress/anxiety. In rodents, gnawing/biting of objects is observed during exposure to stress. Both nigrostriatal and mesocortical dopaminergic systems are involved in the development of this coping behaviour. To clarify the relationship between central dopaminergic(More)
Noradrenergic system plays a critical role in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis regulation and the stress response. A dysregulated HPA axis may be indicative of an increased biological vulnerability for depression. In addition, a variety of studies have focused on specific alterations of α2-adrenoceptors as a mechanism involved in the(More)
Current pharmacological therapies for depression, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), are far from ideal. The cannabinoid system has been implicated in control of mood and neural processing of emotional information, and the modulation of serotonin (5-HT) release in the synaptic clefts. The aim of the present study was to evaluate(More)
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