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BACKGROUND The delivery of antipseudomonal antibiotics by inhalation to Pseudomonas aeruginosa-infected subjects with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis is a logical extension of treatment strategies successfully developed in CF bronchiectasis. Dual release ciprofloxacin for inhalation (DRCFI) contains liposomal ciprofloxacin, formulated to optimise(More)
Hyperosmolarity of the airway surface liquid (ASL) has been proposed as the stimulus for hyperpnoea-induced asthma. We found previously that mucociliary clearance (MCC) was increased after isocapnic hyperventilation (ISH) with dry air, and we proposed that the increase related to transient hyperosmolarity of the ASL. We investigated the effect of increasing(More)
Except for management of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) in cystic fibrosis, there are no approved inhaled antibiotic treatments for any other diseases or for infections from other pathogenic microorganisms such as tuberculosis, non-tuberculous mycobacteria, fungal infections or potential inhaled biowarfare agents including Francisella tularensis, Yersinia(More)
Hyperpnoea with dry air could lead to a reduction in depth and hyperosmolarity of the periciliary fluid layer (PFL) as a consequence of evaporative water loss. We investigated whether mucociliary clearance (MCC) is likely to be affected by dry air hyperpnoea, which also results in airway narrowing in asthmatics. MCC was measured by radioaerosol technique,(More)
Liposomal ciprofloxacin nanoparticles were developed to overcome the rapid clearance of antibiotics from the lungs. The formulation was evaluated for its release profile using an air interface Calu-3 cell model and further characterised for aerosol performance and antimicrobial activity. Liposomal and free ciprofloxacin formulations were nebulised directly(More)
Previously, we showed that the encapsulation and release properties of a liposomal ciprofloxacin formulation could be modified post manufacture, by addition of surfactant in concert with osmotic swelling of the liposomes. This strategy may provide more flexibility and convenience than the alternative of manufacturing multiple batches of liposomes differing(More)
Wet aerosols of 4.5% sodium chloride (NaCl) are often used to assess the bronchial responsiveness associated with asthma. We questioned whether dry NaCl could be used as an alternative. Dry powder NaCl was inhaled from capsules containing either 5, 10, 20 or 40 mg to a cumulative dose of 635 mg. The powder was delivered via an Inhalator or Halermatic. The(More)
The lung represents an attractive target for delivering gene therapy to achieve local and potentially systemic delivery of gene products. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the AERx Pulmonary Delivery System for delivering nonviral gene therapy formulations to the lung. We found that "naked" DNA undergoes degradation following(More)
BACKGROUND Previously we showed that the release properties of a liposomal ciprofloxacin (CFI) formulation could be attenuated by incorporation of drug nanocrystals within the vesicles. Rather than forming these drug nanocrystals during drug loading, they were created post manufacture simply by freezing and thawing the formulation. The addition of(More)
We have previously shown that mucociliary clearance (MCC) decreased during and increased after isocapnic hyperventilation (ISH) with dry air, both in asthmatic and healthy subjects. Inhaled frusemide, an inhibitor of the Na+/K+/2Cl- and NaCl co-transporters on the basolateral membrane of the epithelial cell, prevents the airway narrowing provoked by ISH(More)