Igor G. Panyutin

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When mammalian cells are exposed to ionizing radiation and other agents that introduce DSBs into DNA, histone H2AX molecules in megabase chromatin regions adjacent to the breaks become phosphorylated within minutes on a specific serine residue. An antibody to this phosphoserine motif of human H2AX (gamma-H2AX) demonstrates that gamma-H2AX molecules appear(More)
One of the key consequences of exposure of human cells to genotoxic agents is the activation of DNA damage responses (DDR). While the mechanisms underpinning DDR in fully differentiated somatic human cells have been studied extensively, molecular signaling events and pathways involved in DDR in pluripotent human embryonic stem cells (hESC) remain largely(More)
That irradiated cells affect their unirradiated ‘bystander’ neighbors is evidenced by reports of increased clonogenic mortality, genomic instability, and expression of DNA-repair genes in the bystander cell populations. The mechanisms underlying the bystander effect are obscure, but genomic instability suggests DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) may be(More)
DNA double-strand breaks are thought to precede the formation of most radiation-induced micronuclei. Phosphorylation of the histone H2AX is an early indicator of DNA double-strand breaks. Here we studied the phosphorylation status of the histone H2AX in micronuclei after exposure of cultured cells to ionizing radiation or treatment with colchicine. In human(More)
Exposure of cells to ionizing radiation (IR) produces changes in the expression level of a large number of genes. However, less is known of gene-expression changes caused by local radiation exposure from radionuclides within cells. We studied changes in the genome-wide gene expression induced by decay of 125I incorporated into DNA as [125I]-iododeoxyuridine(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) are capable to give rise to all cell types in the human body during the normal course of development. Therefore, these cells hold a great promise in regenerative cell replacement based therapeutical approaches. However, some controversy exists in literature concerning the ultimate fate of hESC after exposure to genotoxic(More)
An important step in genetic recombination is DNA branch migration, the movement of the Holliday junction or exchange point between two homologous duplex DNAs. We have determined kinetic parameters of spontaneous branch migration as a function of temperature and ionic conditions. The branch migration substrates consist of two homologous duplex DNAs each(More)
This study assesses the whole-genome gene expression changes in a panel of primary human cell lines in response to DNA damage mediated by decay of DNA-incorporated radioiodinated thymidine analog 5-[125I]iodo-2'-deoxyuridine (125I-IUdR). Three normal human cell lines of different origin, namely, gingival fibroblasts AG09319, fetal skin fibroblasts GM05388(More)
Functional genomics studies were carried out to characterize the transcriptional response of normal human fibroblasts to ionizing radiation (IR) of different types. To this end, lung fibroblast IMR-90 cultures were exposed either to external beam gamma-radiation or to internal irradiation from decay of (125)I-labeled deoxyuridine ((125)IUdR) incorporated(More)
Numerous regulatory genes have G-rich regions that can potentially form quadruplex structures, possibly playing a role in transcription regulation. We studied a G-rich sequence in the BCL2 gene 176-bp upstream of the P1 promoter for G-quadruplex formation. Using circular dichroism (CD), thermal denaturation and dimethyl sulfate (DMS) footprinting, we found(More)