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A climatic classification for Europe suitable for pesticide fate modelling was constructed using a 3-stage process involving the identification of key climatic variables, the extraction of the dominant modes of spatial variability in those variables and the use of k-means clustering to identify regions with similar climates. The procedure identified 16(More)
There is worldwide interest in the application of probabilistic approaches to pesticide fate models to account for uncertainty in exposure assessments. The first steps in conducting a probabilistic analysis of any system are: (i) to identify where the uncertainties come from; and (ii) to pinpoint those uncertainties that are likely to affect most of the(More)
Papers and published reports investigating the presence of pesticides in rainfall in Europe were reviewed. Approximately half of the compounds that were analysed for were detected. For those detected, most concentrations were below about 100 ng/l, but larger concentrations, up to a few thousand nanograms per litre, were detected occasionally at most(More)
Monte Carlo techniques are increasingly used in pesticide exposure modeling to evaluate the uncertainty in predictions arising from uncertainty in input parameters and to estimate the confidence that should be assigned to the modeling results. The approach typically involves running a deterministic model repeatedly for a large number of input values sampled(More)
Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses based on Monte Carlo sampling were undertaken for various numbers of runs of the pesticide leaching model (PELMO). Analyses were repeated 10 times with different seed numbers. The ranking of PELMO input parameters according to their influence on predictions for leaching was stable for the most influential parameters. For(More)
BACKGROUND Calibration by inverse modelling was performed with the MACRO transport and fate model using long-term (>10 years) drainflow and isoproturon (IPU) data from western France. Two lack-of-fit (LOF) indices were used to control the inverse modelling: sum of squares (SS) and an alternative statistic called the vertical-horizontal distance integrator(More)
An autoregressive approach for the prediction of water quality trends in systems subject to varying meteorological conditions and short observation periods is discussed. Under these conditions, the dynamics of the system can be reliably forecast, provided their internal processes are understood and characterized independently of the external inputs. A(More)
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