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A dynamic positive feedback mechanism, known as 'facilitation', augments L-type calcium-ion currents (ICa) in response to increased intracellular Ca2+ concentrations. The Ca2+-binding protein calmodulin (CaM) has been implicated in facilitation, but the single-channel signature and the signalling events underlying Ca2+/CaM-dependent facilitation are(More)
L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs) are major entry points for Ca(2+) in many cells. Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is associated with cardiac LTCC complexes and increases channel open probability (P(O)) to dynamically increase Ca(2+) current (I(Ca)) and augment cellular Ca(2+) signaling by a process called facilitation. However, the(More)
L-type Ca2+ channels are macromolecular protein complexes in neurons and myocytes that open in response to cell membrane depolarization to supply Ca2+ for regulating gene transcription and vesicle secretion and triggering cell contraction. L-type Ca2+ channels include a pore-forming alpha and an auxiliary beta subunit, and alpha subunit openings are(More)
1. Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK) and a calmodulin (CaM)-binding 'IQ' domain (IQ) are both implicated in Ca2+-dependent regulation of L-type Ca2+ current (I(Ca)). We used an IQ-mimetic peptide (IQmp), under conditions in which CaMK activity was controlled, to test the relationship between these CaM-activated signalling elements in the(More)
A calmodulin (CaM) binding 'IQ' domain on the L-type Ca(2+) channel (LTCC) C terminus and calmodulin kinase II (CaMK) both signal increases in LTCC opening probability (P(o)) by shifting LTCCs into a gating mode (mode 2) with long openings through a process called facilitation. However, the mechanism whereby CaMK and the IQ domain are targeted to LTCCs is(More)
To investigate the mechanisms that increase ionic currents when Ca(2+) channels' alpha(1) subunits are co-expressed with the beta-subunits, we compared channel activity of Ca(V)1.2 (alpha(1C)) co-expressed with beta(1a) and beta(2a) in Xenopus oocytes. Normalized by charge movement, ionic currents were near threefold larger with beta(2a) than with beta(1a).(More)
L-type Ca2+ channel C terminus calmodulin (CaM)-binding domains are molecular determinants for Ca(2+)-CaM-dependent increases in L-type Ca2+ current (ICa), and a CaM-binding IQ domain mimetic peptide (IQmp) increases L-type Ca2+ channel current by promoting a gating mode with prolonged openings (mode 2), suggesting the intriguing possibility that(More)
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