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Phospholipase D (PLD) catalyzes hydrolysis of phospholipids with production of phosphatidic acid, which often acts as secondary messenger of transduction of intracellular signals. This review summarizes data of leading laboratories on specific features of organization and regulation of PLD activity in plant and animal cells. The main structural domains of(More)
In attempt to elucidate the early molecular events associated with the biological action of cyclic guanosine 3 / ,5 /-monophosphate (cGMP) its binding to the structural components of Avena sativa L. plant cell has been studied. cGMP was shown to be bound specifically to proteins located predominantly in the soluble cytosolic fraction. cGMP-agarose affinity(More)
The activity of guanylyl cyclase (GC) responsible for cGMP synthesis was found to be predominantly located in a fraction of plasma membranes in cells of Avena sativa seedlings. The GC activity was shown to depend on light conditions of plant cultivation and seedlings age. The reversible regulation of the GC activity in etiolated seedlings by red/far red(More)
Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be stimulated to differentiate into hepatic cells. MSC differentiation was induced by fibroblast growth factor-4, hepatocyte growth factor, oncostatin M, and dexamethasone. The influence of quercetin on MSC hepatic differentiation in culture was assayed, and 1 or 10 μmole/L quercetin added into the(More)
Several new models of intracellular calcium dynamics based on refined inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate-sensitive calcium channel kinetics were studied. The refined kinetic schemes take into account that a cytosolic calcium cannot inhibit inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate receptors when they are bound to inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate. The mathematical analysis of(More)
It was shown that short-term (10 min) light exposure of dark-adapted retinal rod outer segments (ROS) leads to a threefold inhibition of the tyrosine kinase activity. Tyrosine kinase activity in the ROS from bleached retinas is by 30% lower than in the dark-adapted ROS. Prolonged illumination (60 min) of the dark-adapted ROS restores the tyrosine kinase(More)
The effect of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) on the release of calcium ions from retinal rod discs was studied. It was shown that the release of Ca2+ from discs is an electroneutral process. The intradiscal calcium concentration during the release of the ion from the organelle decreases by 1 mM. It was found that the IP3-dependent release of Ca2+ ions(More)