Igor A. Ushakov

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According to the (1)H, (13)C and (15)N NMR spectroscopic data and ab initio calculations, the strong N--H...O intramolecular hydrogen bond in the Z-isomers of 2-(2-acylethenyl)pyrroles causes the decrease in the absolute size of the (1)J(N,H) coupling constant by 2 Hz in CDCl(3) and by 4.5 Hz in DMSO-d(6), the deshielding of the proton and nitrogen by 5-6(More)
A facile one-pot synthesis of 3-trifluoromethylated piperazin-2-ones has been achieved by the treatment of trifluoromethyl 2-bromo enones with N,N'-disubstituted ethylenediamines in trifluoroethanol. The mechanism of this unexpected reaction is discussed in terms of multistep processes involving formation of captodative aminoenone as a key intermediate. The(More)
A detailed study of the reaction of trifluoroacetylated acetylenes and aryl (alkyl) hydrazines was performed, aimed to the regioselective synthesis of 3- or 5-trifluoromethylated pyrazoles. It was found that the regioselectivity of reaction depends dramatically on the solvent nature. Highly polar protic solvents (hexafluoroisopropanol) favor the formation(More)
2-(Benzo[b]thiophene-3-yl)-1-vinylpyrrole has been synthesized directly from 3-acetylbenzo[b]thiophene oxime and acetylene (flow system, KOH-DMSO, 120 degrees C, 5 h) in 68% yield. Devinylation of the synthesized pyrrole (Hg(OAc)(2), NaBH(4), 50 degrees C) led to the corresponding 2-(benzo[b]thiophene-3-yl)pyrrole in 63% yield. Trifluoroacetylation of both(More)
1-Substituted imidazoles undergo exceptionally facile stereoselective ring opening under the influence of electron-deficient acetylenes and water (equimolar ratio of the reactants) in MeCN at 45-60 °C without any catalysts to afford functionalized (Z,Z)-1,4-diaza-2,5-dienes, (Z,Z)-propenylaminoethenylformamides, in up to 80% yields. The reaction is(More)
This article is about how the confusion of terms can give rise to confusion in the approaches and methods, and bring to a deadlock the whole research area. It doesn’t mean that we would like to teach someone or to present "the ultimate truth". It is rather another attempt to declare that "software reliability» does not exist in the form it is treated in(More)
In the series of diaminoenones, large high-frequency shifts of the (1)H NMR of the N-H group in the cis-position relative to the carbonyl group suggests strong N-H...O intramolecular hydrogen bonding comprising a six-membered chelate ring. The N-H...O hydrogen bond causes an increase of the (1)J(N,H) coupling constant by 2-4 Hz and high-frequency shift of(More)
First examples of direct vinylation of 1-substituted imidazoles at the 2-position of the imidazole nucleus are described. 1-Substituted imidazoles 1a-e are C(2)-vinylated with 3-phenyl-2-propynenitrile (2) at room temperature without catalyst and solvent to afford 3-(1-organyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-3-phenyl-2-propenenitriles 3a-e, mainly (c.a. 95%) as(More)