Igor A. Topol

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The intrinsic chemical reaction of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis catalyzed by myosin is modeled by using a combined quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) methodology that achieves a near ab initio representation of the entire model. Starting with coordinates derived from the heavy atoms of the crystal structure (Protein Data Bank ID(More)
We present results of the modeling for the hydrolysis reaction of guanosine triphosphate (GTP) in the RAS-GAP protein complex using essentially ab initio quantum chemistry methods. One of the approaches considers a supermolecular cluster composed of 150 atoms at a consistent quantum level. Another is a hybrid QM/MM method based on the effective fragment(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 protease (HIV PR), an aspartic protease, cleaves Phe-Pro bonds in the Gag and Gag-Pol viral polyproteins. Substrate-based peptide mimics constitute a major class of inhibitors of HIV PR presently being developed for AIDS treatment. One such compound, KNI-272, which incorporates allophenylnorstatine (Apns)-thioproline (Thp) in place of(More)
Toward establishing the general efficacy of using trisubstituted cyclopropanes as peptide mimics to stabilize extended peptide structures, the cyclopropanes 20a-d were incorporated as replacements into 9-13, which are analogues of the known HIV-1 protease inhibitors 14 and 15. The syntheses of 20a-d commenced with the Rh2[5(S)-MEPY]4-catalyzed cyclization(More)
The changes in the inhibitor binding constants due to the mutation of isoleucine to valine at position 84 of HIV-1 protease are calculated using molecular dynamics simulations. The calculations are done for three potent inhibitors--KNI-272, L-735,524 (indinavir or MK-639), and Ro 31-8959 (saquinavir). The calculations agree with the experimental data both(More)
Several molecular modeling techniques were used to generate an all-atom molecular model of a receptor binding site starting only from Ca atom coordinates. The model consists of 48 noncontiguous residues of the non-nucleoside binding site of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and was generated using a congeneric series of nevirapine analogs as structural probes. On(More)
At the dawn of the new millenium, new concepts are required for a more profound understanding of protein structures. Together with NMR and X-ray-based 3D-structure determinations in silico methods are now widely accepted. Homology-based modeling studies, molecular dynamics methods, and quantum mechanical approaches are more commonly used. Despite the steady(More)
The exposure of cells to several metal ions stabilizes HIF-1 alpha protein. However, the molecular mechanisms are not completely understood. They may involve inhibition of hydroxylation by either substitution of iron by metal ions or by iron oxidation in the hydroxylases. Here we provide evidence supporting the latter mechanism. We show that HIF-1 alpha(More)
The mechanism of the hydrolysis reaction of guanosine triphosphate (GTP) by the protein complex Ras-GAP (p21(ras) - p120(GAP)) has been modeled by the quantum mechanical-molecular mechanical (QM/MM) and ab initio quantum calculations. Initial geometry configurations have been prompted by atomic coordinates of a structural analog (PDBID:1WQ1). It is shown(More)
The hydrolysis reaction of guanosine triphosphate (GTP) by p21(ras) (Ras) has been modeled by using the ab initio type quantum mechanical-molecular mechanical simulations. Initial geometry configurations have been prompted by atomic coordinates of the crystal structure (PDBID: 1QRA) corresponding to the prehydrolysis state of Ras in complex with GTP.(More)