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Magnaporthe grisea is the most destructive pathogen of rice worldwide and the principal model organism for elucidating the molecular basis of fungal disease of plants. Here, we report the draft sequence of the M. grisea genome. Analysis of the gene set provides an insight into the adaptations required by a fungus to cause disease. The genome encodes a large(More)
ABSTRACT Four populations of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in North America were inferred previously, based on analyses of both rapidly evolving markers (DNA fingerprint and mycelial compatiblity), and multilocus DNA sequence spanning the range between fast and slow evolution. Each population was defined as an interbreeding unit of conspecific individuals(More)
UNLABELLED The reconstruction of population processes from DNA sequence variation requires the coordinated implementation of several coalescent-based methods, each bound by specific assumptions and limitations. In practice, the application of these coalescent-based methods for parameter estimation is difficult because they make strict assumptions that must(More)
We have added two software tools to our Suite of Nucleotide Analysis Programs (SNAP) for working with DNA sequences sampled from populations. SNAP Map collapses DNA sequence data into unique haplotypes, extracts variable sites and manipulates output into multiple formats for input into existing software packages for evolutionary analyses. Map collapses DNA(More)
Using sequence data from seven nuclear loci in 385 isolates of the haploid, plant parasitic, ascomycete fungus, Sclerotinia, divergence times of populations and of species were distinguished. The evolutionary history of haplotypes on both population and species scales was reconstructed using a combination of parsimony, maximum likelihood and coalescent(More)
The Cytochrome P450 system is important in fungal evolution for adapting to novel ecological niches. To elucidate the evolutionary process of cytochrome P450 genes in fungi with different life styles, we studied the patterns of gene gains and losses in the genomes of four filamentous Ascomycetes, including two saprotrophs (Aspergillus nidulans (AN) and(More)
We have identified variants present in high-coverage complete sequences of 36 diverse human Y chromosomes from Africa, Europe, South Asia, East Asia, and the Americas, representing eight major haplogroups. After restricting our analysis to 8.97 Mb of the unique male-specific Y sequence, we identified 6662 high-confidence variants, including(More)
Advancing technologies have facilitated the ever-widening application of genetic markers such as microsatellites into new systems and research questions in biology. In light of the data and experience accumulated from several years of using microsatellites, we present here a literature review that synthesizes the limitations of microsatellites in population(More)
We characterize the mating-type genes in Aspergillus flavus,Aspergillus parasiticus and Petromyces alliaceus. A single MAT1-1 or MAT1-2 gene was detected in the genomes of A. flavus and A. parasiticus, which is consistent with a potential heterothallic organization of MAT genes in these species. In contrast, the only known, functionally homothallic species(More)
Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary caused the 19th century Irish Potato Famine. We assessed the genealogical history of P. infestans using sequences from portions of two nuclear genes (beta-tubulin and Ras) and several mitochondrial loci P3, (rpl14, rpl5, tRNA) and P4 (Cox1) from 94 isolates from South, Central, and North America, as well as Ireland.(More)