Ignatius Swart

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Food deprivation (FD) increases hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti-related protein (AGRP) mRNA levels and decreases proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA levels; refeeding restores these levels. We determined the time course of changes in hypothalamic NPY, AGRP, and POMC mRNA levels on refeeding after 24 h FD in C57BL mice by in situ hybridization.(More)
Although exogenous orexin can induce feeding, reports of increased orexin gene expression after caloric manipulations have been inconsistent. We hypothesized that orexin gene expression is increased only by extreme negative energy balance challenges. We measured hypothalamic orexin and NPY mRNA by in situ hybridization and orexin-A immunoreactivity in rats(More)
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