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The nonpathogenic strain Arthrobacter nicotianae produces two sialidase isoenzymes, NA1 and NA2, with molecular masses of 65 kDa and 54 kDa, respectively, as determined by 10% SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. NA1 and NA2 exhibit maximum activities at pH 4 and 5, and both show clear thermal optima at 40 degrees C. They are stable at temperatures up to(More)
The role of the enzyme neuraminidase in pathogenicity of the bacillus Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae was studied. Different substances with low and high molecular weight were tested as inducers of E. rhusiopathiae neuraminidase biosynthesis. It was found that macromolecular complexes induce the secretion of the enzyme. K(M) values for different substrates(More)
Neuraminidase is a key factor in the infectious process of many viruses and pathogenic bacteria. The neuraminidase enzyme secreted by the etiological agent of cholera - Vibrio cholerae О1 - is well studied in contrast with the one produced by non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae. Environmental non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae isolates from Bulgaria were screened for(More)