Ignacio Velázquez

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The effects of octyl gallate on Ustilago maydis yeast cells were analysed in relation to its capacity to oxidize compounds (pro-oxidant actions). All phenolic compounds tested inhibited the alternative oxidase (AOX). However, only octyl gallate induced a morphological change in yeast cells and collapsed the mitochondrial membrane potential. In contrast to(More)
The mitochondrial respiratory chain of Ustilago maydis contains two terminal oxidases, the cytochrome c oxidase (COX) and the alternative oxidase (AOX). To understand the biochemical events that control AOX activity, we studied the regulation and function of AOX under oxidative stress. The activity of this enzyme was increased by both pyruvate (K(05)=2.6(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondria contain an NADH:Q6 oxidoreductase (internal NADH dehydrogenase) encoded by NDI1 gene in chromosome XIII. This enzyme catalyzes the transfer of electrons from NADH to ubiquinone without the translocation of protons across the membrane. From a structural point of view, the mature enzyme has a single subunit of 53 kDa with(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations of the zinc finger domain of protein Zif268, in a complex with a high affinity DNA sequence, yields a globally stable system with small yet significant readjustments with persistence time of the order of 1.1ns. The results confirm the quality of the standard GROMOS87 force field with a corrected solvent-to-solute interaction(More)
We have evaluated the regeneration ability of leaf and root explants in 26 natural populations with the aim of analyzing the naturally occurring variation of Arabidopsis in vitro shoot and root organogenesis. All the accessions have been used as parental lines of available or under construction recombinant inbred lines (RILs) under construction. Phenotypic(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations were used to interpret a variety of experimental data on highly charged disulfide-bond-intact lysozyme in vacuo. The simulation approach involved submitting a model of the protein [Reimann, Velázquez, and Tapia, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 9344 (1998)] in a given charge state to a 3-ns-long heat pulse (usually at 500 K) followed by(More)
Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD) inactivated the plasma membrane H+-ATPase (EC from Kluyveromyces lactis, with a second-order rate constant of 420 M(-1) min(-1). The inhibition kinetics was apparently complex, due to degradation of DCCD with time. Neither Mg2+ nor Mg-ADP affected the inactivation of the ATPase by DCCD. In contrast, vanadate, a(More)
We show that the relaxation dynamics of unfolded in vacuo lysozyme is not random. Analyses of molecular dynamics trajectories in a convenient space of molecular shape descriptors reveal a "favored" pattern of transitions leading to stable conformations. The relaxation paths exhibit a balanced change in shape features: globular spheroids are formed slowly(More)
An alternative topological model for the yeast plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase from K. lactis was deduced by joint prediction, using 11 algorithms for the prediction of transmembrane segments complemented with hydrophobic moment analysis. Similarly to the model currently used in the literature, this alternative model contains 10 transmembrane segments, four in(More)
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