Ignacio López

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Since its sudden emergence in the early 1970s, canine parvovirus type-2 (CPV-2) has been evolving through the generation of novel genetic and antigenic variants (CPV-2a/b/c and a number of additional mutations) that are unevenly distributed throughout the world. In order to develop strategies to control the spread of these variants and to understand virus(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 inhibits calcitriol production, which could exacerbate calcium deficiency or hypocalcemia unless calcium itself modulates FGF23 in this setting. In Wistar rats with normal renal function fed a diet low in both calcium and vitamin D, the resulting hypocalcemia was associated with low FGF23 despite high parathyroid hormone(More)
Calcimimetics decrease parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in uremic patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism without increasing serum calcium (Ca). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of calcimimetic R-568 alone or in combination with calcitriol on vascular and other soft tissue calcifications in uremic rats with secondary hyperparathyroidism.(More)
Seed oil bodies (OBs) are intracellular particles that store lipids. In maize embryos, the oil bodies are accumulated mainly in the scutellum. Oil bodies were purified from the scutellum of germinating maize seeds and the associated proteins were extracted and subjected to 2-DE analysis followed by LC-MS/MS for protein identification. In addition to the(More)
Fibroblastic growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a bone-derived hormone that has a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of mineral disorders in chronic kidney disease. To study the effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on FGF23, rats were parathyroidectomized for a week and then implanted with constant-delivery infusion pumps to provide vehicle, a physiological, or a(More)
Magnesium reduces vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification in vitro but the mechanism has not been revealed so far. This work used only slightly increased magnesium levels and aimed at determining: a) whether inhibition of magnesium transport into the cell influences VSMC calcification, b) whether Wnt/β-catenin signaling, a key mediator of(More)
UNLABELLED VC is an important clinical entity; however, very little information is available on its resolution. Induction and regression of calcitriol-induced VC was studied in 47 rats. After calcitriol withdrawal, there was a relatively rapid regression of VC mediated by an active cellular process. INTRODUCTION Vascular calcifications (VCs) represent an(More)
To investigate whether the effect of the calcimimetic AMG 641 and calcitriol on CaSR and VDR expression could be separated from their ability to reduce parathyroid cell proliferation, five-sixth nephrectomized (5/6 Nx) rats received vehicle, AMG 641, calcitriol, or AMG 641+calcitriol either daily for 13 days (long-term protocol) or in a single dose(More)
In this paper we will argue that given certain conditions for the evolution of biological controllers, they will necessarily evolve in the direction of incorporating consciousness capabilities. We will also see what are the necessary mechanics for the provision of these capabilities and extrapolate this vision to the world of artificial systems.