Ignacio Herrero

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When a typical glutamate-containing neurone fires, an action potential is propagated down the branching axon through more than a thousand varicosities. At each of these release sites the probability that a synaptic vesicle will be exocytosed into the synaptic cleft is individually controlled by means of presynaptic receptors: autoreceptors responding by(More)
Hypersplenism is of great relevance in the management of cirrhosis because of the widespread use of myelodepressant drugs such as interferon or antineoplastic agents. Because no standard therapy exists for this complication, we have evaluated the efficacy and risks of splenic embolization in the treatment of hypersplenism in cirrhosis. Partial splenic(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility and safety of intratumoral injection of an adenoviral vector encoding human interleukin-12 genes (Ad.IL-12) and secondarily, its biologic effect for the treatment of advanced digestive tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS Ad.IL-12 was administered in doses ranging from 2.5 x 10(10) to 3 x 10(12) viral particles, to seven(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclic nucleotide analogue administration improves ischemia-reperfusion damage in several organs. The neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, PACAP-38, is a potent stimulus to enhance cellular cAMP levels. This study tested the protective effect of enhancing endogenous cAMP levels by PACAP-38 in a model of warm renal(More)
We have investigated the role of metabotropic glutamate receptors linked to phosphoinositide hydrolysis in the control of glutamate release in cerebrocortical nerve terminals. The activation of these receptors with the agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine enhanced intra-synaptosomal diacylglycerol and facilitated both the depolarization-induced increase in(More)
The overriding concern in living donor liver transplantation is donor safety. A totally laparoscopic right hepatectomy without middle hepatic vein for adult living donor liver transplantation is presented. The surgical procedure is described in detail, focusing on relevant technical aspects to enhance donor safety, specifically the hanging maneuver and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanisms by which Foxp3+ T regulatory cells (Treg) accumulate in HCV infected livers are not known. Here, we studied the role of chemokines CCL17 and CCL22 in this process. METHODS Chemokine mRNA levels were determined by qPCR in liver biopsies from 26 HCV chronically infected patients (CHC), 11 patients with treatment-induced(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility and safety of intratumoral injection of autologous dendritic cells (DCs) transfected with an adenovirus encoding interleukin-12 genes (AFIL-12) for patients with metastatic gastrointestinal carcinomas. Secondarily, we have evaluated biologic effects and antitumoral activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventeen patients with(More)
In this study we have addressed the identification of the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) involved in the facilitation of glutamate release in nerve terminals from the cerebral cortex. mGluR1 and 5 are coupled to phosphoinositide hydrolysis and the activation of these receptors with the specific agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) enhances the(More)
Glutamate is important in several forms of synaptic plasticity such as long-term potentiation, and in neuronal cell degeneration. Glutamate activates several types of receptors, including a metabotropic receptor that is sensitive to trans-1-amino-cyclopenthyl-1,3-dicarboxylate, coupled to G protein(s) and linked to inositol phospholipid metabolism. The(More)