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We have investigated the role of metabotropic glutamate receptors linked to phosphoinositide hydrolysis in the control of glutamate release in cerebrocortical nerve terminals. The activation of these receptors with the agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine enhanced intra-synaptosomal diacylglycerol and facilitated both the depolarization-induced increase in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanisms by which Foxp3+ T regulatory cells (Treg) accumulate in HCV infected livers are not known. Here, we studied the role of chemokines CCL17 and CCL22 in this process. METHODS Chemokine mRNA levels were determined by qPCR in liver biopsies from 26 HCV chronically infected patients (CHC), 11 patients with treatment-induced(More)
Glutamate is important in several forms of synaptic plasticity such as long-term potentiation, and in neuronal cell degeneration. Glutamate activates several types of receptors, including a metabotropic receptor that is sensitive to trans-1-amino-cyclopenthyl-1,3-dicarboxylate, coupled to G protein(s) and linked to inositol phospholipid metabolism. The(More)
4-Aminopyridine evokes repetitive firing of synaptosomes and exocytosis of glutamate by inhibiting a dendrotoxin-sensitive K+ channel responsible for stabilizing the membrane potential. We have shown previously that activation of protein kinase C (PKC) by high concentrations of phorbol ester (4 beta-phorbol dibutyrate) can increase release by inhibiting a(More)
In this study, we investigated the possible contribution of presynaptic group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptor activation to changes in synaptic efficacy by means of analysis of glutamate release in hippocampal synaptosomes. Data were interpreted in the context of group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptor involvement in synaptic plasticity in the CA1 region(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the antitumor effect of resin microspheres loaded with 90-yttrium against hepatocellular carcinoma and their safety in the setting of liver cirrhosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data from 24 consecutive patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated by radioembolization in the period from September 2003 to February 2005 were(More)
When a typical glutamate-containing neurone fires, an action potential is propagated down the branching axon through more than a thousand varicosities. At each of these release sites the probability that a synaptic vesicle will be exocytosed into the synaptic cleft is individually controlled by means of presynaptic receptors: autoreceptors responding by(More)
There is currently no consensus on the most suitable treatment for the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver transplantation. This open, multicenter, retrospective, uncontrolled cohort study was designed to evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of the combined use of a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor and sorafenib in(More)
BACKGROUND Because the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma is not fully understood, particularly regarding therapy, we have evaluated it in a series of patients with a homogeneous diagnostic and therapeutic work-up. METHODS From 1985 to 1996, 42 variables were recorded prospectively in 178 constructive patients who had a diagnosis of(More)