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A-type lamins are emerging as regulators of nuclear organization and function. Changes in their expression are associated with cancer and mutations are linked to degenerative diseases -laminopathies-. Although a correlation exists between alterations in lamins and genomic instability, the molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. We previously found that(More)
A-type lamins are intermediate filament proteins that provide a scaffold for protein complexes regulating nuclear structure and function. Mutations in the LMNA gene are linked to a variety of degenerative disorders termed laminopathies, whereas changes in the expression of lamins are associated with tumourigenesis. The molecular pathways affected by(More)
Genomic instability due to telomere dysfunction and defective repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) is an underlying cause of ageing-related diseases. 53BP1 is a key factor in DNA DSBs repair and its deficiency is associated with genomic instability and cancer progression. Here, we uncover a novel pathway regulating the stability of 53BP1. We(More)
BACKGROUND The regulatory mechanisms of parathyroid hormone (PTH) synthesis are complex, involving calcium, calcitriol, the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) and the vitamin D receptor (VDR). In this study, the effects of calcium and calcitriol on the simultaneous expression of CaR and VDR mRNA and protein levels were assessed in parathyroid glands cultured in(More)
mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signaling plays a key role in the development of many tumor types. Therefore, mTOR is an attractive target for cancer therapeutics. Although mTOR inhibitors are thought to have radiosensitization activity, the molecular bases remain largely unknown. Here we show that treating MCF7 breast cancer cells with rapamycin (an(More)
Calcitriol, acting through vitamin D receptors (VDR) in the parathyroid, suppresses parathyroid hormone synthesis and cell proliferation. In secondary hyperparathyroidism (SH), VDR content is reduced as hyperplasia becomes more severe, limiting the efficacy of calcitriol. In a rat model of SH, activation of the EGF receptor (EGFR) by TGF-alpha is required(More)
Research performed in the last few years has revealed important roles for the spatial and temporal organization of the genome on genome function and integrity. A challenge in the field is to determine the molecular mechanisms involved in the organization of genome function. A-type lamins, key structural components of the nucleus, have been implicated in the(More)
Parathyroid hyperplasia is the cause of parathyroid gland enlargement in kidney disease (KD). Hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and vitamin D deficiency are critical contributors to the worsening of the hyperplastic parathyroid growth induced by KD. Reproduction of the features of human KD in the 5/6 nephrectomized rat model has shown that 80% of the(More)
Loss of 53BP1 rescues BRCA1 deficiency and is associated with BRCA1-deficient and triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) and with resistance to genotoxic drugs. The mechanisms responsible for decreased 53BP1 transcript and protein levels in tumors remain unknown. Here, we demonstrate that BRCA1 loss activates cathepsin L (CTSL)-mediated degradation of 53BP1.(More)
Failure to reactivate stalled or collapsed DNA replication forks is a potential source of genomic instability. Homologous recombination (HR) is a major mechanism for repairing the DNA damage resulting from replication arrest. The single-strand DNA (ssDNA)-binding protein, replication protein A (RPA), plays a major role in multiple processes of DNA(More)