Ignacio Casuso

Learn More
The mechanical unfolding of the muscle protein titin by atomic force microscopy was a landmark in our understanding of single-biomolecule mechanics. Molecular dynamics simulations offered atomic-level descriptions of the forced unfolding. However, experiment and simulation could not be directly compared because they differed in pulling velocity by orders of(More)
For cells to function properly, membrane proteins must be able to diffuse within biological membranes. The functions of these membrane proteins depend on their position and also on protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions. However, so far, it has not been possible to study simultaneously the structure and dynamics of biological membranes. Here, we(More)
High-speed atomic force microscopy is a powerful tool for studying structure and dynamics of proteins. So far, however, high-speed atomic force microscopy was restricted to well-controlled molecular systems of purified proteins. Here we integrate an optical microscopy path into high-speed atomic force microscopy, allowing bright field and fluorescence(More)
Membrane proteins diffuse within the membrane, form oligomers and supramolecular assemblies. Using high-speed atomic force microscopy, we present direct experimental measure of an in-membrane-plane interaction potential between membrane proteins. In purple membranes, ATP-synthase c-rings formed dimers that temporarily dissociated. C-ring dimers revealed(More)
High-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) is becoming a reference tool for the study of dynamic biological processes. The spatial and time resolutions of HS-AFM are on the order of nanometers and milliseconds, respectively, and allow structural and functional characterization of biological processes at the single-molecule level. In this work we present(More)
Junctional microdomains, paradigm for membrane protein segregation in functional assemblies, in eye lens fiber cell membranes are constituted of lens-specific aquaporin-0 tetramers (AQP0(4)) and connexin (Cx) hexamers, termed connexons. Both proteins have double function to assure nutrition and mediate adhesion of lens cells. Here we use high-speed atomic(More)
For surface analysis of biological molecules, atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an appealing technique combining data acquisition under physiological conditions, for example buffer solution, room temperature and ambient pressure, and high resolution. However, a key feature of life, dynamics, could not be assessed until recently because of the slowness of(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is the type of scanning probe microscopy that is probably best adapted for imaging biological samples in physiological conditions with submolecular lateral and vertical resolution. In addition, AFM is a method of choice to study the mechanical unfolding of proteins or for cellular force spectroscopy. In spite of 28 years of(More)
Biological atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a fast growing and advancing field. This review's objective is to overview the state of the art and to retrace achievements of biological AFM as presented by past and present research, and wishes to give a (subjective) outlook where AFM may go in the upcoming years. The following areas of interest are discussed:(More)
Contact mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) is the most frequently used AFM imaging mode in biology. It is about 5-10 times faster than oscillating mode imaging (in conventional AFM setups), and provides topographs of biological samples with sub-molecular resolution and at a high signal-to-noise ratio. Unfortunately, contact mode imaging is sensitive to the(More)