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Veterinary professionals working in partnership with other competent persons are essential for a successful animal care and use programme. A veterinarian's primary responsibilities are defined by their own professional regulatory bodies, but in this area of work there are further opportunities for contribution, which will assist in safeguarding the health(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative opioids reduce anaesthetic requirements and thus limit the side-effects derived from high doses of the latter. Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors can also be given but it remains unclear whether they further reduce the anaesthetic requirements. Our aim was to determine whether COX inhibitors potentiate the effect of remifentanil on(More)
Gastrointestinal (GI) integrity and function are regulated by nutrition and growth factors. The discovery of ghrelin, a natural growth hormone (GH) secretagogue produced by the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, is a potential link between diet and growth signals. The aim of this study was to evaluate macronutrient effect on ghrelin expression and secretion in(More)
F 13640 is a newly discovered high-efficacy 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist that produces exceptional analgesia in animal models of tonic and chronic, nociceptive and neuropathic pains by novel molecular and neuroadaptive mechanisms. Here we examined the effects of F 13640 and remifentanil (0.63 mg/kg with either compound) when injected i.p. either before or 15(More)
BACKGROUND Opioid antagonists at ultra-low doses have been used with opioid agonists to prevent or limit opioid tolerance. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether an ultra-low dose of naloxone combined with remifentanil could block opioid-induced hyperalgesia and tolerance under sevoflurane anesthesia in rats. METHODS Male adult Wistar rats were(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the antinociceptive and motor-blocking effects of epidurally administered IQB-9302 (C18H26N2O.HCl) and bupivacaine in the dog. METHODS Twelve adult female Beagle dogs were used. Each animal received 3 concentrations (0.25%, 0.50%, and 0.75%) of either IQB-9302 (n = 6) or bupivacaine (n = 6) by(More)
Nicotine/nicotine agonists, which have been proposed as therapeutic agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders, produce a wide variety of effects on the nervous system. Some mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. In this work, immunohistochemical techniques were used to determine the effect of nicotine on(More)
Superficial nerves can be visualized through ultrasonography in the cattle and facilitate local anesthetic disposition around nerve structures. Expected advantages include a higher successful rate of nerve block improving the degree and duration of the block. Among others, conduction nerves of clinical interest in cattle include the paravertebral nerves,(More)
This study aimed to describe a suitable acoustic window to facilitate access to the sciatic and femoral nerves in calves and to study the effects of their blockade with local anaesthetics. The neuroanatomical and ultrasound (US) study was performed on the cadavers of 10 calves, and the effects of 2% lidocaine with epinephrine (0.2 mL/kg) were determined in(More)
The aim of the present study was to verify the efficacy and sensitivity of an accelerometric device in detecting and quantifying the degree of movement alteration produced in horses sedated with xylazine. Horses (n=6) were randomly administered either xylazine or a control by intravenous injection, with at least 1 week between each treatment. A triaxial(More)