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The Duffy blood group system is of clinical and biological significance. Antibodies to Duffy antigens are responsible for some cases of transfusion incompatibility and newborn hemolytic disease. The Duffy protein is a receptor for the Plasmodium vivax erythrocyte-binding protein and is also a receptor for various chemokines (thus renamed Duffy Antigen(More)
A method is described for a rapid two-step purification of the membrane receptor for epidermal growth factor (EGF) from cultured human A-431 cells. After solubilization of the cells with Triton X-100, the receptor is immobilized on an immunoaffinity column containing a monoclonal antibody directed against the receptor. In the second step of purification,(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptors (EGF-Rs) are expressed at increasing levels on mouse preimplantation embryos. Immunofluorescence assays were used to show that unfertilized eggs and 2-cell embryos have a very low level of reactivity to antimouse EGF-R antibodies, but by the 4-cell stage and later the reactivity increases. The synthesis of EGF-R protein was(More)
Acute- and convalescent-phase sera from 18 Thai patients and convalescent-phase sera from two Israeli patients and one Bangladeshi patient with Shigella dysenteriae 1 (Shiga) dysentery were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect antibodies that bind S. dysenteriae lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Shiga holotoxin, or two synthetic peptides(More)
Shiga toxin B chain, the binding subunit of Shiga toxin, was recently purified; and the amino acid sequence of this 7,716-dalton polypeptide was determined (N.G. Seidah, A. Donohue-Rolfe, C. Lazure, F. Auclair, G. T. Keusch, and M. Chretien, J. Biol. Chem. 261:13928-13931, 1986). In the present study, synthetic peptides corresponding to three overlapping(More)
Jaundiced serum from common bile duct ligated rats, added to cultured heart cells, decreased the beating rate, caused an early cessation of beating and production of higher levels of lactate in the media. Deoxycholate and cholate are the main bile acids in jaundiced serum; deoxycholate caused similar effects, which suggests that it is the toxic substance(More)
The role of the size of synthetic peptides in their immunological cross-reactivity with the parent native protein, was investigated using the cholera toxin system. The results show that elongation of a peptide may affect the reactivity of the antibodies it elicits in either positive or negative directions. Thus, elongation by six amino acid residues of each(More)
Synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides encoding for two peptides corresponding to residues 9-21 and 19-31 in the amino acid sequence of the B subunit of Shiga toxin were prepared and inserted into pTOZ plasmid, in phase with the lacZ gene. The resultant vectors were used for transfection of E. coli. The bacteria containing the recombinant DNA expressed the(More)