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Elongation growth of plant cells occurs by stretching of cell walls under turgor pressure when intermolecular bonds in the walls are temporarily loosened. The acid-growth theory predicts that wall loosening is the result of wall acidification because treatments (including IAA and fusicoccin) that cause lowered wall pH cause elongation. However, conclusive(More)
The purpose of this study is to accurately and effectively automate the calculation of the water-equivalent diameter (DW) from 3D CT images for estimating the size-specific dose. DW is the metric that characterizes the patient size and attenuation. In this study, DW was calculated for standard CTDI phantoms and patient images. Two types of phantom were(More)
The use of parameters water equivalent diameter (D W ) and size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) are becoming increasingly established as a recognised method to relate patient dose from a CT examination to the dose indicator volume CT dose index (CTDIVOL). However, the role of the attenuation due to the patient table in these estimations requires careful(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate truncated axial computed tomography (CT) images in the clinical environment and to produce correction factors for abdomen, thoracic and head regions based on clinical data, in order to accurately predict the water-equivalent diameter (DW) and size-specific dose estimate (SSDE). We investigated axial images of 75(More)
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