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Mast cells (MCs) are currently receiving increased attention among the scientific community, largely because of the recent identification of crucial functions for MCs in a variety of disorders. However, it is in many cases not clear exactly how MCs contribute in the respective settings. MCs express extraordinarily high levels of a number of proteases of(More)
Heparanase is an endo-β-glucuronidase that specifically cleaves heparan sulfate proteoglycans in the extracellular matrix. Expression of this enzyme is increased in several pathological conditions including inflammation. We have investigated the role of heparanase in pulmonary inflammation in the context of allergic and non-allergic pulmonary cell(More)
Heparanase is a heparan sulfate (HS) degrading endoglucuronidase that has been implicated in cell migration and inflammatory conditions. Here we used mice deficient of heparanase (Hpse(-/-)) to study the impact of heparanase on airway leukocytes. Normal numbers of macrophages and lymphocytes were present in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of Hpse(-/-) mice,(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and malignant form of glioma with high mortality and no cure. Many human cancers maintain a complex inflammatory program triggering rapid recruitment of inflammatory cells, including mast cells (MCs), to the tumor site. However, the potential contribution of MCs in glioma has not been addressed previously.(More)
Serglycin (SG) is a proteoglycan that is located predominantly in the secretory granules of hematopoietic cells. Previous studies have established a crucial role for SG in promoting the storage of various secretory granule compounds that are of importance in the immune defense system. Here, we show that mice lacking SG spontaneously develop enlargement of(More)
It is widely established that mast cells (MCs) have a harmful role in asthma, for example by secreting various proinflammatory substances stored within their secretory granule. However, in this study, we show that one of the substances stored within MC granule, chymase, in fact has a protective role in allergic airway inflammation, indicating that MCs may(More)
Mast cells (MCs) are major effector cells contributing to allergic conditions. When activated, they can release large amounts of active proteases, including chymase from their secretory granules. Here we assessed the role of the chymase mouse mast cell protease 4 (mMCP-4) in allergic airway inflammation induced by house-dust mite (HDM) extract. mMCP-4−/−(More)
Transplantation of microencapsulated islets may reduce hyperglycemia in the absence of immunosuppression. However, the efficiency of microencapsulated islet transplantation is low, requiring more islets to achieve normoglycemia than in vascularized islet transplantation. Exendin-4 (a glucagon-like receptor agonist) has been previously shown to improve islet(More)
Mast cell secretory granules (secretory lysosomes) contain large amounts of fully active proteases bound to serglycin proteoglycan. Damage to the granule membrane will thus lead to the release of serglycin and serglycin-bound proteases into the cytosol, which potentially could lead to proteolytic activation of cytosolic pro-apoptotic compounds. We therefore(More)
Serglycin (SG) proteoglycan consists of a small core protein to which glycosaminoglycans of chondroitin sulfate or heparin type are attached. SG is crucial for maintaining mast cell (MC) granule homeostasis through promoting the storage of various basic granule constituents, where the degree of chondroitin sulfate/heparin sulfation is essential for optimal(More)