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Gallbladder adenocarcinomas from patients in two high-prevalence areas, Niigata (Japan) and Santiago (Chile), were analyzed for acquired mutations in exons 5-8 of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, and the characteristics of p53 alterations in the two groups were compared. Of 42 tumors, 22 (52.4%) harbored 25 alterations identified by PCR amplification and(More)
Acute administration of CDP-choline (i.p. 100 mg/Kg b.w.), 10 min before the intraventricular injection of labeled precursors, [2-3H] glycerol and [1-14C]-palmitate, was able to correct the impairment caused by hypoxic treatment of lipid metabolism in some brain regions, ie, cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, and brainstem. After CDP-choline treatment, an(More)
In vivo and in vitro (tissue slices) incorporation of labeled precursors into DNA, RNA, and proteins was measured in mitochondria obtained from cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, and brain stem of rats at different days of postnatal development. To compare the synthesis of macromolecules in mitochondria with that in other subcellular fractions, the(More)
DNA synthesis in nuclei and mitochondria purified from serum-supplemented rat glial cell cultures at different days after plating was studied. Furthermore in mitochondria, some enzymatic activities related to energy transduction (citrate synthase, malate dehydrogenase, total NADH-cytochromec reductase, cytochrome oxidase and glutamate dehydrogenase) were(More)
DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis in mitochondria isolated from cerebral hemispheres, brain stem, and cerebellum of 10- and 30-day-old rats was measured. Synthesis of different macromolecules was affected by the respective mitochondrial specific inhibitors, showing a good level of purity of mitochondrial preparations. DNA and protein synthesis in 10-day-old(More)
Slices of cerebral hemispheres, brain stem, and cerebellum from rats 5-30 days old were used for in vitro incorporation of [methyl-3H]thymidine and [6-14C]orotic acid into DNA and RNA, respectively. The rates of DNA and RNA synthesis decreased markedly during development, with the most marked decrease observed for DNA. The different brain regions showed(More)
The effect of CDP-choline on the in vivo incorporation of labeled precursors into DNA, RNA, and proteins in cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, and brainstem of guinea pigs after hypoxic treatment was studied. The labeling of macromolecules extracted from the various subcellular fractions of these brain regions was also determined. Hypoxic treatment affected(More)
The effect of undernutrition on the activity of two key enzymes for DNA synthesis, namely DNA polymerase and thymidine kinase, in developing rat brain has been investigated. Both enzymatic activities in cerebral hemispheres and in brain stem are lower in undernourished animals than in controls at the 5th day after birth; succesively, from 5 to 30 days, they(More)
The incorporation of [methyl-3H]thymidine into DNA, of [5-3H]uridine into RNA, and of [1-14C]leucine into proteins of cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, and brainstem of guinea pigs after 80 hr of hypoxic treatment was measured. Both in vivo (intraventricular administration of labeled precursors) and in vitro (tissue slices incubation) experiments were(More)