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We have investigated the transesterification of rapeseed (RO) and waste sunflower (SO) oils with methanol in the presence of potassium hydroxide as a catalyst. The transesterification of tri-acylglycerols was first conducted in a batch reactor. The effect of the temperature on the reaction rates was studied at a constant molar ratio of the alcohol to(More)
Different resol phenol-formaldehyde prepolymer resins have been synthesized with different formaldehyde / phenol ratios. The phenolic resin composition depends on monomer ratio, catalyst, reaction conditions, and residual free monomers. Temperature and pH conditions under which reactions of phenols with formaldehyde are carried out have a profound effect on(More)
Different types of southern European hardwoods and softwoods were subjected to a liquefaction process with glycerol/diethylene glycol. The liquefied spruce wood was reacted in a condensation reaction in the hot press with different melamine-formaldehyde and melamine-urea-formaldehyde resin precursors and used as adhesives for wood particle boards. The(More)
Parallel samples of beech wood were extracted in a Soxhlet apparatus and in a system for accelerated extraction, and further evaluated with gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A strong correlation between the content of hydrophilic extractives obtained by the two extraction methods was found. In addition, a strong(More)
The novel concept of a simultaneous, controlled release of a drug and a prodrug with different physico-chemical properties was applied in order to prolong the release period of antibiotics and estimate their high local concentrations, which are the necessary preconditions for the treatment of some chronic infection diseases. For this purpose(More)
The objective of this research was to investigate the effect of liquefied wood (LW) on the cure kinetics and network properties of melamine–urea–formaldehyde (MUF) resins by differential scanning calorimetry. The MUF/LW compounds exhibited two distinct cross-linking processes. It can be assumed that there did not appear to be a coreaction of the MUF with(More)
Bacterial cellulose (BC) film formation could be a critical issue in nanotechnology applications such as biomedical or smart materials products. In this research, purified pretreated BC was subjected to high intensity ultrasound (HIUS) and was investigated for the development of BC films. The morphological, structural and thermal properties of the obtained(More)
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