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Washed human erythrocytes were incubated in phosphate-buffered saline at 37 degrees C with different concentrations (2-80 mg l-1) of the monovalent cationophore gramicidin D. The ionophore induced a decrease of ATP content and energy charge (EC) and a concomitant increase in ADP and AMP contents. At a concentration of 10 mg l-1 of the ionophore the(More)
Using a conditioning paradigm, the olfactory sensitivity of five CD-1 mice for the l- and d-forms of cysteine, methionine, and proline was investigated. With all six stimuli, the animals discriminated concentrations ≤0.1 ppm (parts per million) from the odorless solvent, and with three of the six stimuli the best-scoring animals were even able to detect(More)
There is growing evidence that the amyloid beta-peptide (beta 1-40) is involved in the aetiology of Alzheimer's disease also implicating an altered calcium homeostasis of affected cells. Beta 1-40 has been proposed to form calcium channels in synthetic bilayer membranes [1]. We wanted to investigate in the present study whether beta 1-40 (or fragments(More)
OBJECTIVES To critically evaluate whether an altered calcium homeostasis in erythrocytes could be contributing to the symptomatology of the Tarui's disease, which is an inherited phosphofructokinase (PFK) deficiency of the muscle isoenzyme. PFK is a tetrameric enzyme with three different isoenzymes, muscle (M), liver (L), and platelet (P). Erythrocytes(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish by flow cytometry and fluorophores an increased calcium ion load in erythrocytes of four patients with Tarui's disease. DESIGN Calcium ion levels were determined in erythrocytes of patients and controls under normal and energy-deprived conditions. Adenylates were measured to assess energy status of incubated erythrocytes. SETTING(More)
We examined 5'-AMP aminohydrolase (AMP deaminase, EC 3.5.4.6. AMPD) together with metabolite changes in intact red blood cells from normal human adults under different incubation conditions. Moderate changes occurred in erythrocyte adenylates upon incubation for 1 h at 37 degrees C in the absence of glucose and the concentration of IMP was negligible.(More)
Washed human erythrocytes were basically incubated in phosphate-buffered saline at 37 degrees C with different concentrations (1-5 mumol l-1) of the divalent cationophore A23187. This ionophore induced a decrease by about 75% of ATP content and energy charge (EC) and a concomitant increase in ADP and AMP contents in a dose-dependent fashion such that an(More)
Heat production rates were measured by a microcalorimetric method in suspended human erythrocytes in the absence and presence of different concentrations of the divalent cationophore A23187. Determinations were carried out during 60 min under static conditions on erythrocytes incubated in various isotonic media at 37 degrees C, pH 7.35. In incubations(More)
Patients' urines gave an unexpectedly high percentage of false-negative results for erythrocytes on a reagent strip, even when the test field for ascorbic acid indicated that none of this substance was present to inhibit the test reaction. By adding known amounts of erythrocytes to normal urines, we found that this phenomenon was time-dependent and occurred(More)
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