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The major effector organ for thermogenesis during inflammation or experimental pyrogen-induced fever in rodents is the brown adipose tissue (BAT). Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) microinjection into the medial preoptic area (POA) of rats leads to hyperthermia through an increase in BAT thermogenesis and induces pyrogenic signal transmission towards the raphe(More)
Transneuronal viral tracing was applied to localize preganglionic parasympathetic neurons in the brainstem which innervate the extraorbital lacrimal gland in the rat. The Bartha strain of pseudorabies virus was injected into the lacrimal gland, and after different survival times, the superior cervical and Gasserian ganglia, the upper thoracic spinal cords(More)
In this study we have modified the neuroinvasiveness of pseudorabies virus strain Bartha, a commonly utilized trans-synaptic tract-tracer. In addition, we sought to facilitate detection of cellular mRNAs in neurons infected with the virus. In order to modify spreading characteristics, we inserted the lacZ or the GFP (green fluorescent protein) genes into(More)
It is a well-known phenomenon that cerebral blood flow is coupled to neural activation induced by non-noxious somatosensory stimulation. However, basic questions related to pain-induced cerebral blood flow changes remain unanswered. In the present study, the sciatic nerve of anesthetized rats was subjected to electric stimulation with noxious and(More)
The contribution of the vagus nerve to viral transneuronal labeling of brain structures from the ovaries demonstrated recently by us was investigated. Unilateral vagotomy was performed prior to ipsilateral intraovarian virus injection. Virus-infected neurons were visualized by immunostaining. In vagotomized rats such neurons were detected only in certain(More)
Cell groups of the spinal cord and the brain transsynaptically connected with the epididymis (caput, cauda) were identified by means of the viral transneuronal tracing technique. Pseudorabies virus was injected into the caput or the cauda epididymidis, and after survival times 4 and 5 days, the spinal cord and brain were processed immunocytochemically.(More)
In the present investigations the viral transneuronal labeling method, which is able to reveal hierarchial chains of central nervous system (CNS) neurons, was applied to identify sites in the CNS connected with the ovary and presumably involved in the control of ovarian functions. Pseudorabies virus was injected into the ovaries of rats and a few days later(More)
Serotonin-synthesizing raphé/parapyramidal neurons (5-HT neurons) may function as sympathetic premotor neurons regulating sympathetic outflow to the cutaneous vascular bed. In the present study a genetically engineered pseudorabies virus (PRV) expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) was injected into the rat tail. After survival for 3-4 days the medulla(More)
In the present study, the transneuronal transport of neurotrophic virus technique was used to identify cell groups of the spinal cord and the brain that are transsynaptically connected with the testis. Pseudorabies virus was injected into the testis and after survival times of 3-6 days, the spinal cord and brain were processed immunocytochemically using a(More)
The current knowledge of the catecholaminergic innervation of the mammalian adrenal cortex is summarized, and macro- and microscopic neuromorphology, including the central nervous system connections of the adrenal cortex, is briefly discussed. Morphological and functional data on the catecholaminergic (i.e., noradrenergic) innervation of the adrenal cortex(More)