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OBJECT Assessment of hypoxic conditions in brain tumors is important for predicting tumor aggressiveness and treatment response. A new hypoxia imaging agent, 1-(2-[(18)F]fluoro-1-[hydroxymethyl]ethoxy)methyl-2-nitroimidazole (FRP-170), with higher image contrast and faster clearance than preexisting hypoxia tracers for PET, was used to visualize hypoxic(More)
Pilocytic astrocytoma sometimes transforms to a malignant type, and previous radiation therapy is considered to be a key factor. We report a case of pilocytic astrocytoma with histological malignant features without previous radiation therapy. A 21-year-old man presented a sudden onset of severe headache. Neuroimaging had detected a cystic mass in the(More)
Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNETs) have conventionally been regarded as benign and stable tumors and considered curable with surgery without adjunctive therapy. Recently, recurrent DNETs with or without malignant transformation have been described. The authors report 2 unusual cases of DNET: 1) an enlarging lesion that developed an enhancing(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastoma carries a poor prognosis primarily because of its high rate of recurrence. The ability to predict the recurrence pattern and timing would be highly useful for determining effective treatment strategies. We examined the correlation between prognostic factors and the pattern of recurrence in patients with primary glioblastoma. In(More)
Identification of stem cell-like brain tumor cells (brain tumor stem-like cells; BTSC) has gained substantial attention by scientists and physicians. However, the mechanism of tumor initiation and proliferation is still poorly understood. CD44 is a cell surface protein linked to tumorigenesis in various cancers. In particular, one of its variant isoforms,(More)
Changes in histological and genetic characteristics were investigated in 18 paired primary and recurrent oligodendroglial tumors, using sequencing analysis for isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1 and 2 gene mutation, Ki-67 and p53 immunohistochemistry, and fluorescent in situ hybridization for loss of heterozygosity of chromosomes 1p and 19q (1p/19q(More)
We retrospectively analyzed 15 years experience of awake surgeries for neuroepithelial tumors in Tohoku University. Awake surgeries mostly for language mapping were performed for 42 of 681 newly diagnosed cases (6.2%) and 59 of 985 surgeries including for recurrence (6.0%). When the same histologies and locations as cases resected under awake condition are(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of WHO grade III anaplastic gliomas does not always correspond to its clinical outcome because of the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) gene status. Anaplastic gliomas without IDH mutation result in a poor prognosis, similar to grade IV glioblastomas. However, the malignant features of anaplastic gliomas without IDH mutation are not well(More)
BACKGROUND Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) plays pivotal roles in cytoprotection. We aimed at clarifying the contribution of the NRF2 pathway to malignant glioma pathology. METHODS NRF2 target gene expression and its association with prognosis were examined in 95 anaplastic gliomas with or without isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1/2 gene(More)
The incidence of hemorrhagic onset in pilocytic astrocytoma and pilomyxoid astrocytoma, and the clinical and histological characteristics, were compared to other types of neuroepithelial tumors or nonhemorrhagic pilocytic astrocytoma by retrospective review of 445 consecutive neuroepithelial tumors treated at our institute. Hemorrhagic onset was observed in(More)