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Glucokinase (Gck) functions as a glucose sensor for insulin secretion, and in mice fed standard chow, haploinsufficiency of beta cell-specific Gck (Gck(+/-)) causes impaired insulin secretion to glucose, although the animals have a normal beta cell mass. When fed a high-fat (HF) diet, wild-type mice showed marked beta cell hyperplasia, whereas Gck(+/-) mice(More)
D-mannose is an essential monosaccharide constituent of glycoproteins and glycolipids. However, it is unknown how plasma mannose is supplied. The aim of this study was to explore the source of plasma mannose. Oral administration of glucose resulted in a significant decrease of plasma mannose concentration after 20 min in fasted normal rats. However, in(More)
Subcellular distribution of glucokinase was studied in rat liver. With an immunohistochemical procedure, glucokinase immunoreactivity was clearly shown in the nucleus of parenchymal cells of rat liver, but faintly in the cytoplasm. Nuclei, cytosol (extranuclear fraction in the strict sense), and homogenate prepared in nonaqueous medium, i.e. glycerol, were(More)
Pancreatic glucokinase (GK) is considered an important element of the glucose-sensing unit in pancreatic beta-cells. It is possible that the brain uses similar glucose-sensing units, and we employed GK immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy to examine the anatomical distribution of GK-like immunoreactivities in the rat brain. We found strong GK-like(More)
Human erythrocytes were loaded with homogeneous rat liver glucokinase by an encapsulation method based on hypotonic hemolysis and isotonic resealing. As assayed at 10 mM glucose, glucokinase and hexokinase activities in glucokinase-loaded erythrocytes were 218 and 384 nmol/min/gHb, respectively; whereas hexokinase activity in both intact and unloaded red(More)
UNLABELLED Aims/Introduction:  Excessive intake of sucrose can cause severe health issues, such as diabetes mellitus. In animal studies, consumption of a high-sucrose diet (SUC) has been shown to cause obesity, insulin resistance and glucose intolerance. However, several in vivo experiments have been carried out using diets with much higher sucrose contents(More)
The distribution of glucokinase in rat liver under both normal feeding and fasting-refeeding conditions was investigated immunohistochemically. Under normal feeding conditions, glucokinase immunoreactivity was observed in both nuclei and cytoplasm of parenchymal cells. The nuclei were stained intensely and evenly, whereas the cytoplasm showed weak(More)
We examined sugar-induced translocation of glucokinase in cultured hepatocytes from Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty and Goto-Kakizaki rats, animal models of type 2 diabetes, and compared this with that in Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka and Wistar rats, respectively, as control strains. When hepatocytes from the four strains were incubated with 5 mM glucose,(More)
Populations of Paramecium bursaria cells display a circadian rhythm of photoaccumulation. Both Chlorella-containing cells and Chlorella-free cells exhibit this rhythm. Several other species of Paramecium do not express rhythmic photoaccumulation when tested under the same conditions. In P. bursaria, photoaccumulation rhythms persist in continuous conditions(More)
We examined the cytotoxicity of troglitazone toward cultured rat hepatocytes. The drug concentration- and time-dependently decreased cell viability and increased lactate dehydrogenase leakage from the cells. Troglitazone-induced cell death was characterized by "DNA ladders", condensation of nuclei, and a positive reaction to in situ nick-end labeling. The(More)