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o-Methoxyphenols such as eugenol and isoeugenol exhibit anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, but at higher concentrations act as oxidants and potent allergens. We recently demonstrated the eugenol dimer bis-eugenol to be an efficient inhibitor of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory cytokine expression in macrophages without cytotoxicity.(More)
The radical intensity of BHA (4-Hydroxy-3-t-butylanisole) and its dimer (3,3'-Di-t-butyl-5,5'-dimethoxy-1,1'-biphenyl-2,2'-diol, Bis-BHA) were compared with their cytotoxic activity. ESR spectroscopy showed that BHA produced characteristic five peaks of radicals under alkaline conditions (pH > 9.5). At higher pH, BHA radical rapidly disappeared, and(More)
The dimers bis-EUG, bis-MMP, bis-BHA, bis-BMP and bis-DBP were synthesized from the monomers 4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol (EUG), 2-methoxy-4-methylphenol (MMP), 2-t-butyl-4-methoxyphenol (BHA), 2-t-butyl-4-methylphenol (BMP) and 2,4-di-t-butylphenol (DBP), respectively. The stoichiometric factors (n; number of free radicals trapped by one mole of phenolic(More)
Berberine iodide (IK-1) and acetoneberberine (IK-2) showed higher cytotoxicity against five human oral squamous cell carcinoma (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSC-4, NA, CA9-22) and one human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cell lines, than against normal human oral tissue-derived cells (gingival fibroblast HGF, pulp cell HPC, periodontal ligament fibroblast HPLF), producing(More)
UNLABELLED Selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors have attracted much attention in relation to the design of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs). The relationship between experimentally derived data on the antioxidant capacity, cytotoxicity and COX-2 inhibition for a range of 2-methoxyphenols and their calculated descriptors was(More)
The ability of nine synthetic eugenol-related compounds to scavenge O2- (generated by the hypoxanthine-xanthine oxidase reaction) was compared with their radical generation and cytotoxic activity. ESR spectroscopy showed that eugenol (4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol), 2-allyl-4-methoxyphenol, 2-allyl-4-t-butylphenol and 2,4-dimethoxyphenol efficiently scavenged O2-(More)
A total of 11 newly synthesized benzothiepins and structurally-related compounds were investigated for cytotoxic activity against both normal and tumor cells. All these compounds showed higher cytotoxic activity against three human oral tumor cell lines (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSG) than against normal human gingival fibroblast (HGF), suggesting tumor-specific(More)
The radical-scavenging activities of the synthetic antioxidants 2-allyl-4-X-phenol (X = NO2, Cl, Br, OCH3, COCH3, CH3, t-(CH3)3, C6H5) and 2,4-dimethoxyphenol, and the natural antioxidants eugenol and isoeugenol, were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) by measuring their anti-1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical activity and(More)