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o-Methoxyphenols such as eugenol and isoeugenol exhibit anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, but at higher concentrations act as oxidants and potent allergens. We recently demonstrated the eugenol dimer bis-eugenol to be an efficient inhibitor of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory cytokine expression in macrophages without cytotoxicity.(More)
Berberine iodide (IK-1) and acetoneberberine (IK-2) showed higher cytotoxicity against five human oral squamous cell carcinoma (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSC-4, NA, CA9-22) and one human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cell lines, than against normal human oral tissue-derived cells (gingival fibroblast HGF, pulp cell HPC, periodontal ligament fibroblast HPLF), producing(More)
UNLABELLED Selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors have attracted much attention in relation to the design of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs). The relationship between experimentally derived data on the antioxidant capacity, cytotoxicity and COX-2 inhibition for a range of 2-methoxyphenols and their calculated descriptors was(More)
The ability of nine synthetic eugenol-related compounds to scavenge O2- (generated by the hypoxanthine-xanthine oxidase reaction) was compared with their radical generation and cytotoxic activity. ESR spectroscopy showed that eugenol (4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol), 2-allyl-4-methoxyphenol, 2-allyl-4-t-butylphenol and 2,4-dimethoxyphenol efficiently scavenged O2-(More)
A total of 11 newly synthesized benzothiepins and structurally-related compounds were investigated for cytotoxic activity against both normal and tumor cells. All these compounds showed higher cytotoxic activity against three human oral tumor cell lines (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSG) than against normal human gingival fibroblast (HGF), suggesting tumor-specific(More)
The radical-scavenging activities of the synthetic antioxidants 2-allyl-4-X-phenol (X = NO2, Cl, Br, OCH3, COCH3, CH3, t-(CH3)3, C6H5) and 2,4-dimethoxyphenol, and the natural antioxidants eugenol and isoeugenol, were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) by measuring their anti-1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical activity and(More)
Butylated hydroxyanisole, BHA, is widely used as a potent antioxidant, but its adverse effects such as carcinogenesis and proinflammatory activity have been reported, which are possibly due to the prooxidant property of this compound. We recently demonstrated that the dimer of 2-methoxyphenols exhibits cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition, because of lessening of(More)
In light of recent development, dental materials such as 2, 2-bis [4-2(-hydroxy-3-methacryloyloxypropoxy)phenyl] propane, ( bis-GMA); 2, 2-bis [4-(1-hydroxymethyl-2-methacryloxy)phenyl] propane, (iso-bis-GMA); and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate, (TEGDMA) were investigated to determine whether their phase transition properties (phase transition(More)