Ichiro Yamamoto

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A double-blind, multi-center study was performed on patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM) to evaluate the therapeutic effect of treatment with natural interferon-alpha (HLBI). Forty-eight HAM patients were enrolled and treated with either 0.3 MU (n = 15), 1.0 MU (n = 17), or 3.0 MU (n = 16) of HLBI for 28 days. Clinical evaluation included motor(More)
SETTING Japanese in-patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and normal liver function receiving treatment with isoniazid and rifampicin (INH + RMP). OBJECTIVE To elucidate the relationship between N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) genotype and the incidence of isoniazid + rifampicin-induced hepatotoxicity. DESIGN Prospective study. After NAT2* genotyping, 77(More)
UNLABELLED The goals of our study were to establish PET accuracy with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in finding localized formations of bronchioloalveolar lung carcinoma (BAC) and to investigate the correlation between FDG uptake and the degree of cell differentiation in adenocarcinoma of the lung. MATERIALS Twenty-nine patients with 30 adenocarcinomas of(More)
Synthetic growth hormone secretagogues stimulate growth hormone secretion by binding to a specific receptor, growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). In this study, we investigated the cDNA and the genomic structure of chicken GHS-R. Chicken GHS-R gene is composed of two exons separated by an intron. Two GHS-R mRNA species, cGHS-R1a and(More)
AIMS Interindividual differences in the pharmacokinetics of venlafaxine, a new antidepressant, were shown during early clinical trials in Japan. Venlafaxine is metabolized mainly by CYP2D6 to an active metabolite, O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV). Therefore, the influence of the CYP2D6 genotypes on venlafaxine pharmacokinetics was examined in a Japanese(More)
Anandamide (N-Arachidonoylethanolamine) amidohydrolase catalyzing hydrolysis of anandamide was characterized in mice. The enzymatic activity was highest in the liver, followed by the brain and testis. Negligible activity was found in heart, lung and spleen. The activity in brain and liver was mainly localized in the microsomal fractions. Kinetic experiments(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a neurotrophic cytokine, however, its direct effect on nerve regeneration has not been well characterized. We therefore examined the effect of IL-6 on neurite regeneration using the rat dorsal root ganglion. IL-6 significantly enhanced neurite regeneration from transected nerve terminals. We also examined the mRNA expression of IL-6(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a multifunctional cytokine with mitogenic, motogenic, morphogenic, and tumor-suppressing activities. Despite the broad spectrum of its biological activities, HGF is most likely the physiological hepatotrophic factor that triggers or modulates liver regeneration. Regulatory mechanisms for HGF production are crucial for(More)
Interactions of anandamide (N-arachidonylethanolamide), an endogenous compound for cannabinoid receptors, with the receptors for 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), benzodiazepine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA[A]) receptors in bovine synaptic membrane were examined. Anandamide decreased the 5-HT receptor bindings at concentrations of 1-100 microM, although(More)