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Soleus muscles isolated from normal rats were incubated to evaluate whether or not leucine promotes glucose uptake under insulin-free conditions, using a labeled 2-deoxyglucose uptake assay. Glucose uptake was promoted by 2mM leucine. A metabolite of leucine, alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (alpha-KIC), also exhibited a similar stimulatory effect, although this(More)
It is well established that impaired glucose metabolism is a frequent complication in patients with hepatic cirrhosis. We previously showed that leucine, one of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), promotes glucose uptake under insulin-free conditions in isolated skeletal muscle from normal rats. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) exists in both reduced and oxidized forms, and the percentage of oxidized albumin increases in several diseases. However, little is known regarding the pathophysiological significance of oxidation due to poor characterization of the precise structural and functional properties of oxidized HSA. Here, we characterize both the(More)
Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA: Leu, Ile, and Val) mixture has been used for treatment of hypoalbuminemia in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis in Japan. It has been known that BCAA, especially leucine, activates mTOR signals and inhibition of protein degradation results in promoting protein synthesis in vitro. Furthermore, leucine activates(More)
Recent studies showed that the function of some amino acids is not only nutritional but also pharmacological. However, the effects of amino acids on liver fibrosis and hepatic stellate cell (HSC) remain unclear. In this research, as a result of screening of amino acids using liver fibrosis induced by DMN administration, L-cysteine was selected as a(More)
BCAA granules (a mixture of branched-chain amino acids) have been used to reverse the hypoalbuminemia of decompensated liver cirrhotic patients in Japan. Our previous studies showed that BCAA promoted albumin secretion through the mTOR signal transduction pathway in rat primary hepatocyte culture [Ijichi C, Matsumura T, Tsuji T, Eto Y. Branched-chain amino(More)
Long-term supplementation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) improves hypoalbuminemia in patients with cirrhosis. Our previous findings have suggested that the binding of polypyrimidine-tract-binding protein (PTB) to rat albumin mRNA attenuates its translation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of PTB in the regulation of albumin(More)
The activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in vascular endothelial cells may be involved in vascular pathogeneses such as vasculitis or atherosclerosis. Recently, it has been reported that some amino acids exhibit anti-inflammatory effects. We investigated the inhibitory effects of a panel of amino acids on cytokine production or expression of(More)
The addition of L-alanine reduced lactate dehydrogenase leakage from primary cultured rat hepatocytes treated with galactosamine (D-gal), while D-alanine and other amino acids did not. However, the mechanisms have not yet been entirely clarified. In this study, we used various inhibitors of metabolism, i.e., aminooxyacetate, oligomycin, and quinolinic acid,(More)
The activation of Kupffer cells represents a central mechanism of liver injury involving the production of TNF-alpha. It is known that glycine prevents LPS-induced production of TNF-alpha in isolated Kupffer cells. In this study, the possibility that glycine analogues might affect Kupffer cells was investigated. As a result, aminomethanesulfonic acid (AMS)(More)