Learn More
As a model for the analysis of the fibrosuppressive role of estradiol, hepatic fibrosis was induced in male and female rats by the administration of a single dose of dimethylnitrosamine (DMN). The fibrotic response of the male liver after DMN treatment was significantly stronger than that of the female liver. In the male DMN model, estradiol reduced hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress, including the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), is involved in hepatofibrogenesis. The authors' previous studies have shown that oestradiol suppresses hepatic fibrosis in animal models and attenuates the activation of cultured rat hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which possess oestrogen receptor subtype beta and are(More)
It has been shown that lipid peroxidation is associated with hepatic fibrosis and stellate cell activation. Sho-saiko-to (TJ-9) is an herbal medicine, which is commonly used to treat chronic hepatitis in Japan, although the mechanism by which TJ-9 protects against hepatic fibrosis is not known. As a result, we assayed the preventive and therapeutic effects(More)
The existence and distribution of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and its receptor in rat brain in relation to that of glucagon were examined. The concentration of GLP-1 immunoreactivity (GLP-1-IR), measured by a specific and sensitive RIA established in this study with anti GLP-1 serum (LMT-01), was found to be highest in the thalamus-hypothalamus,(More)
As of this writing, the most common cause of hepatic fibrosis is chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV), the characteristic feature of which is hepatic steatosis. Hepatic steatosis leads to an increase in lipid peroxidation in hepatocytes, which in turn activates hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). HSCs are also thought to be the primary target cells for(More)
AIMS/BACKGROUND We wished to clarify the mechanisms that account for the increase in hepatic collagen accumulation during hepatic fibrosis. METHODS The gene expression of type I and type III procollagens and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) was measured by Northern blot analysis; immunolocalization of both types of collagen was estimated by indirect(More)
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most common cause of hepatic fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), mainly as a result of chronic necroinflammatory liver disease. A characteristic feature of chronic hepatitis B infection, alcoholic liver disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is hepatic steatosis. Hepatic steatosis leads(More)
Hepatitis C virus infections are recognized as a major causative factor of chronic liver disease. A characteristic feature of chronic hepatitis C, alcoholic liver disease and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is hepatic steatosis. Hepatic steatosis leads to an increase in lipid peroxidation in hepatocytes, which, in turn, activates hepatic stellate cells(More)
  • I Shimizu
  • 2000
Herbal medicines, which have been used in China for thousands of years, are now being manufactured in Japan, in standardized form in terms of quality and quantities of ingredients. The Chinese herbal medicine Sho-saiko-to is a mixture of seven herbal preparations, which is widely administered in Japan to patients with chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis. In a(More)
A new method of mouse aortic graft transplantation into carotid artery was developed with cuff technique. By harvesting the descending aorta of the donor using a small Teflon cuff (external diameter 0.6 mm, internal diameter 0.4 mm) and super fine-tip forceps, and modifying the method of mouse heterotopic heart transplantation with cuff technique, donor(More)