Ichiro Komiya

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Streptozocin (STZ) and alloxan (ALX) exhibit the most potent diabetogenicity and are used for induction of experimental diabetes mellitus. An understanding of the mechanisms of action of the typical diabetogenic agents is important for elucidating the causes of diabetes. Okamoto proposed a model in which DNA fragmentation plays an important role in the(More)
We studied whether a patient with Graves' disease will go into remission during antithyroid drug (ATD) treatment. Remission of Graves' hyperthyroidism is predicted by a smooth decrease in TSH receptor antibody (TRAb) during ATD treatment. Cytotoxic T cell lymphocyte-associated molecule-4 (CTLA-4) may play an important role in the development of Graves'(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is a major risk factor for death and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients undergoing chronic haemodialysis (HD), but there is uncertainty surrounding the effects of blood pressure (BP) lowering on this high-risk patient group. METHODS In a multicenter, prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint trial, 469 patients(More)
Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) decreases the immune response of T cells by inactivating the signal that occurs with interaction between CD28 on T cells and B7 on antigen-presenting cells. Gene polymorphisms involving CTLA-4 promoter (-318 C/T), exon 1 (49 A/G), and exon 4 (microsatellite (AT)n) have been linked to Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied the association between type 1 diabetes with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) and A/G allele polymorphism in exon 1 of the CTLA-4 gene in a Japanese population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We studied 74 Japanese type 1 diabetic patients with or without AITD and 107 normal subjects to identify the association between CTLA-4(More)
Hashimoto's and Graves' diseases represent the main two types of autoimmune thyroid disease. The combination of these two is well known. However, occurrence of Graves' disease after primary hypothyroidism is rare. We report seven patients with hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto's disease, who developed Graves' disease with hyperthyroidism. We also report one(More)
Alloxan exhibits the most potent diabetogenicity and has been used for induction of experimental diabetes mellitus. Understanding the mechanisms of action of the typical diabetogenic agent is important for elucidating the causes of diabetes. Okamoto (Okamoto, H. (1985) BioEssays 2, 15-21) proposed a model in which DNA fragmentation plays an important role(More)
We analyzed the association of 2 biallelic polymorphisms of CYP11B2 (P450c11AS) gene (1 in the Lys(173)Arg of exon 3 and the other in the promoter at position -344T/C) with hypertension in 73 hypertensive patients and 134 normotensive subjects. The association between low-renin hypertension and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) gene was also analyzed.(More)
In hyperthyroid Graves' disease, short-term methimazole is sufficient to induce lasting remission in some patients, but even long-term treatment fails to do so in others. We have evaluated the role of autoimmune abnormalities in the helper T cell type 2 (TH2)-interleukin-13 (IL-13)-TSH receptor system in maintaining hyperthyroidism by comparing IgE levels(More)
AbstractTo investigate the possible involvement of IDDMK1,222/HERV-K18 in childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus, we identified two nonsynonymous A/G polymorphisms in the superantigen-coding region of IDDMK1,222 at the 290- and 461-nucleotide (nt) positions from the initial methionine codon and compared their frequencies in 74 Japanese patients with type 1(More)