Ichiro Itonaga

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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-11 (IL-11) are known to influence osteoclast formation and bone resorption. In order to determine whether IL-6 and IL-11 could independently support human osteoclast formation, these factors were added to cultures of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the monocyte (CD14(+)) fraction in the presence of macrophage(More)
TNFalpha and IL-1alpha are potent stimulators of bone resorption in vivo and in vitro. Recently, it has been demonstrated that these two cytokines directly induce osteoclastogenesis in mouse marrow cultures. This study determined whether TNFalpha (+/- IL-1alpha) is also capable of inducing human osteoclastogenesis. The CD14(+) monocyte fraction of human(More)
Osteoprotegerin ligand (OPGL) is a newly discovered molecule which is essential for osteoclast differentiation. Both OPGL and its soluble decoy receptor, osteoprotegerin (OPG), which inhibits osteoclast formation, are known to be produced by osteoblasts and inflammatory cells found in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium. In this study, RA synovial(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is a multifunctional growth factor that is produced by many cells in bone and is abundant in the bone matrix. TGFbeta is known to regulate RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and bone resorbing activity. In this study we sought to determine whether TGFbeta could directly induce osteoclast formation by a(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective clinical study. OBJECTIVES To show the prevalence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after spinal surgery using a D-dimer assay followed by screening with computed tomographic (CT) pulmonary angiography and CT venography. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA A few studies on DVT development after spinal(More)
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) are known to influence osteoclast formation indirectly through their effects on osteoblasts. To determine whether 1, 25(OH)(2)D(3) and PGE(2) also have a direct effect on circulating osteoclast precursors, these factors were added to long-term cultures of human peripheral blood(More)
Since 1990, a total of ten joints in nine patients with infected total knee arthroplasty have been treated in our department within 21 days of the onset of infection. Their radiographs showed no evidence of implant loosening or “moth-eaten” appearance. They underwent synovectomy, debridement, and continuous irrigation without implant removal. Continuous(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate cell proliferation and differentiation by silencing gene expression at the post-transcriptional level; moreover, by binding to the complementary sequences within mRNAs in cancer cells, these small non-coding RNA molecules can function as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. Recently, the dysregulation of miRNA expression has been(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between developmental spinal canal stenosis (DCS) and morphologic features in the cervical spine by comparing the features between DCS and nondevelopmental spinal canal stenosis (NDCS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA DCS is an important predisposing(More)
Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare, massively osteolytic condition which is associated with increased vascularity and an increase in osteoclast numbers. To determine the cellular and humoral mechanisms underlying the increase in osteoclast numbers and osteolysis in GSD, this study analysed circulating osteoclast precursor numbers and sensitivity to(More)