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Grade II and III gliomas are generally slowly progressing brain cancers, many of which eventually transform into more aggressive tumors. Despite recent findings of frequent mutations in IDH1 and other genes, knowledge about their pathogenesis is still incomplete. Here, combining two large sets of high-throughput sequencing data, we delineate the entire(More)
INTRODUCTION To investigate whether decrease in the serum levels of pro-gastrin releasing peptide (ProGRP) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) were correlated with the radiological response in patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS Of the 196 patients, we retrospectively reviewed 118 patients elevated baseline levels of ProGRP and NSE prior to(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) shares several features with small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). Most histologic diagnoses of LCNEC are currently obtained by surgical specimens. While the diagnosis of LCNEC by biopsy specimens is challenging, a definitive diagnosis of this highly malignant tumor is critical in unresectable(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to assess the value of (18)F-FDG PET in thymic epithelial tumors according to the WHO histologic classification and to evaluate its potential for differentiating the grade of malignancy in thymic epithelial tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-six patients with a thymic epithelial tumor who underwent (18)F-FDG PET(More)
Recent gene expression and copy number profilings of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network suggest the existence of distinct subtypes of this tumor. However, these approaches might not be easily applicable in routine clinical practice. In the current study, we aimed to establish a proteomics-based subclassification(More)
Pro-inflammatory cytokines play a major role in the initiation and maintenance of joint inflammation and destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The therapeutic success of biologics targeting tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin (IL)-6 receptor (IL-6R) has broadened the treatment options for RA. These agents have(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3, a member of a family of DNA-binding molecules, is a potential target in the treatment of cancer. The highly phosphorylated STAT3 in cancer cells contributes to numerous physiological and oncogenic signaling pathways. Furthermore, a significant association between STAT3 signaling and glioblastoma(More)
We report here a rare case of primary extracranial meningioma in a 73-year-old woman with an asymptomatic mass located in the left distal-dorsal forearm. MRI revealed the lesion to be poorly circumscribed and unclear, with iso-signal intensity to muscle on T1 and with a relatively high signal intensity on T2-weighted imaging. The histopathology of the(More)
Melanotic or melanocytic medulloblastoma is a rare variant of medulloblastoma, especially when the tumor shows advanced neuronal differentiation. We report a case of this tumor, which developed in the cerebellar vermis in an 8-year-old girl. Initial biopsy specimens were identified as classical medulloblastoma with a high MIB1 index. Surgical removal of the(More)