Ichiro Hisatome

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Renal hypouricemia is an inherited and heterogeneous disorder characterized by increased urate clearance (CUA). The authors recently established that urate was reabsorbed via URAT1 on the tubular apical membrane and that mutations in SLC22A12 encoding URAT1 cause renal hypouricemia. This study was undertaken to elucidate and correlate clinical and genetic(More)
We developed an improved mathematical model for a single primary pacemaker cell of the rabbit sinoatrial node. Original features of our model include 1) incorporation of the sustained inward current (I(st)) recently identified in primary pacemaker cells, 2) reformulation of voltage- and Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation of the L-type Ca(2+) channel current(More)
Hyperuricemia is a significant factor in a variety of diseases, including gout and cardiovascular diseases. Although renal excretion largely determines plasma urate concentration, the molecular mechanism of renal urate handling remains elusive. Previously, we identified a major urate reabsorptive transporter, URAT1 (SLC22A12), on the apical side of the(More)
BACKGROUND Structural changes in the number, size, and shape of mitochondria (mt) have been observed in the atrial muscles of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and of animals with rapid atrial pacing, however, it is not known whether the mitochondrial function is impaired in human atrium with AF. MATERIALS AND METHODS We determined adenine(More)
BACKGROUND The angiotensin receptor blocker losartan inhibited urate transporter 1 (URAT1) according to in vitro experiments. However, it is still unknown whether the inhibitory effect of losartan on URAT1 contributes to its uricosuric action in humans. METHODS Thirty-two patients with hypertension and nine patients with idiopathic renal hypouricemia(More)
We measured serum urate in 3,258 Japanese outpatients. Five of them had persistent hypouricemia. Three also had microhematuria. Four of the five patients were proven to have renal uricosuria with hypouricemia, but otherwise normal tubular function. When tested with both pyrazinamide and benzbromarone, 1 patient had a presecretory reabsorption defect, 2 had(More)
Objective: Cysteinyl leukotrienes (Cys-LTs) are proinflammatory lipid mediators generated from arachidonic acid through 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO). It was reported that the 5-LO pathway is associated with vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration; however, the relationship between Cys-LTs and VSMC proliferation and migration remains unclear.(More)
It has been reported that the xanthine oxidase inhibitor, allopurinol, has a protective effect on ischemia - reperfusion injury, but the precise mechanism of its action is still unclear. Therefore, in the present study the mechanisms of the myocardial protection of allopurinol were evaluated in isolated perfused rat hearts. Allopurinol significantly(More)
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by the activation of neurohormones and cytokines. Strenuous exercise causes activation of both systems but the effect of acute bouts of exercise on cytokines is not known in patients with CHF. This study determined whether maximal exercise induces activation of cytokines in CHF. Plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor(More)
Topiroxostat, a selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, shows effective reduction in the serum urate level in hyperuricemic patients with or without gout. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topiroxostat in hyperuricemic stage 3 chronic kidney disease patients with or without gout. The study design was a 22-week, randomized,(More)