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RATIONALE Mechanical stress is known to alter the electrophysiological properties of the myocardium and may trigger fatal arrhythmias when an abnormal load is applied to the heart. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that the structural heterogeneity of the ventricular wall modulates globally applied stretches to create heterogeneous strain distributions(More)
We test whether the complexity of the cardiac interbeat interval time series is simply a consequence of the wide range of scales characterizing human behavior, especially physical activity, by analyzing data taken from healthy adult subjects under three conditions with controls: (i) a "constant routine" protocol where physical activity and postural changes(More)
Mechanical and chemical sensitivity of the palatine nerve, ramus palatinus facialis, innervating the anterior palate of the puffer, Fugu pardalis, and their central projection to the primary taste center were investigated. Application of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to the central cut end of the palatine nerve resulted in retrogradely labeled neurons in the(More)
By injecting noise into the carotid sinus baroreceptors, we previously showed that heart rate (HR) responses to weak oscillatory tilt were enhanced via a mechanism known as "stochastic resonance." It remains unclear, however, whether the same responses would be observed when using oscillatory lower body negative pressure (LBNP), which would unload the(More)
Electrophysiological recordings were obtained from two branches of the facial nerve innervating oral and extra-oral taste receptive fields, respectively, in the channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. The results indicate that taste buds innervated by the ramus ophthalmicus superficialis (ros), innervating taste buds on the nasal barbel, and the ramus(More)
Noise can have a beneficial effect on sensory neurological systems, enhancing detection of small afferent signals and thereby improve efferent neural responses. We hypothesized whether a similar mechanism would facilitate impaired neural transmission associated with neurological disease, and tested whether addition of external noise to baroreceptor(More)
Pharmacological support with inotropes and vasodilators to control decompensated hemodynamics requires strict monitoring of patient condition and frequent adjustments of drug infusion rates, which is difficult and time-consuming, especially in hemodynamically unstable patients. To overcome this difficulty, we have developed a novel automated drug delivery(More)
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