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The heated cigarette (HC) generates mainstream smoke by vaporizing the components of the tobacco rod using a carbon heat source at the cigarette tip. Mainstream smoke of HC contains markedly less chemical constituents compared to combusted cigarettes. Mainstream smoke from HC was generated under Health Canada Intense regimen and its biological effects were… (More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of moderate dose radiation therapy (RT) for mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in a prospective multicenter phase II trial. METHODS AND MATERIALS The subjects in this study were 37 patients with MALT lymphoma between April 2002 and November 2004. There were 16 male and… (More)
Cooperative behaviors are common in humans and are fundamental to our society. Theoretical and experimental studies have modeled environments in which the behaviors of humans, or agents, have been restricted to analyze their social behavior. However, it is important that such studies are generalized to less restrictive environments to understand human… (More)
Cooperative behaviors are common in humans, and they are the fundamental basis of our society. Theoretical and experimental studies have modeled environments where the behaviors of humans, or agents, have been restricted to analyze their social behavior. However, it is important that such studies can be generalized to a less restrictive environment in order… (More)
Cooperative behaviors are common in humans, and they are the fundamental basis of our society. We focused on multilevel selection, one of the theoretical frameworks used to study the evolution of cooperation. The evolution of cooperation by multilevel selection requires that the continual assortment between cooperators and noncooperators is generated, thus,… (More)
SUMMARY The use of computing resources on network is becoming active in the Internet and private networks. OpenFlow/Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is drawing attention as a method to control network virtualization for the cloud computing services and other carrier services. This paper introduces examples of OpenFlow/SDN technologies applied to commercial… (More)
The aim of this paper is to show the evolution of the nursing knowledge. Some relations with the nursing history are proposed, in order to indicate the ways the people and ideas of today in nursing was influenced by the past. The authors make a correlation between the development of the nursing as profession and of the nurse as professional.