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Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is often difficult to diagnose definitively, even through histological examination. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate a variety of physiological processes. In recent years, it has been suggested that profiles for circulating miRNAs, as well as those for tissue miRNAs, have the potential to be used as diagnostic biomarkers for cancer.(More)
In spite of the undisputed importance of altered expression patterns of microRNAs (miRNAs) in various cancers, there is little information on the clinicopathologic significance of cancer-related miRNAs (MIR21, MIR143, MIR144, MIR145, and MIR205) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We examined the expression levels of the precursor and mature miRNA(More)
The Akt-Mdm2 pathway plays an important role in carcinogenesis in a variety of malignant tumors. However, the Akt-Mdm2 pathway in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has not been fully studied. We investigated the proteins and mRNA expression of Akt and Mdm2 to elucidate the roles of these proteins in ESCC. We also examined the effect of Akt knockdown(More)
Prognostic tests for patients with early-stage lung cancer may provide needed guidance on postoperative surveillance and therapeutic decisions. We used a novel strategy to develop and validate a prognostic classifier for early-stage lung cancer. Specifically, we focused on 42 genes with roles in lung cancer or cancer prognosis. Expression of these(More)
Hepatic pedicle clamping (HPC) has been demonstrated to be effective for short-term outcomes during hepatic resection. However, HPC-induced hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury can accelerate the outgrowth of hepatic micrometastases in experimental studies. The conclusive evidence regarding effects of HPC on long-term patient outcomes after hepatic resection(More)
Intussusception in adults represents only 5% of all cases and is usually caused by a small bowel lesion acting as the apex of the intussusception. We report an unusual case of intussusception in man caused by a lipomatous lesion located in the ileum acting as the lead point. After repeated admissions to our hospital for ileus, the possibility of(More)
Earlier studies have identified the minimal overlapping region of amplification at 3q26 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis. These include PIK3CA which encodes the p110α catalytic subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, a telomerase RNA component (TERC), a squamous cell carcinoma-related(More)
The genomic region containing PIK3CA was found to be amplified in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissue. PIK3CA at 3q26, which encodes the p110alpha catalytic subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, is a unique intracellular signal transducer characterized by its lipid substrate specificity. In order to characterize PIK3CA in ESCC, we(More)
A diverticulum in the lower third of the esophagus is rare. A 62-year-old woman presented with symptoms of dysphagia and regurgitation associated with recurrent aspiration. Endoscopic examination disclosed a large epiphrenic diverticulum, for which esophagoscopy-guided thoracoscopic surgery was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful. It is(More)
An 80-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with severe chest and back pains after vomiting. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest revealed left-sided pneumothorax and pleural effusion. Some food was drained from an inserted chest tube, and we diagnosed spontaneous esophageal rupture (Boerhaave's syndrome). A left thoracotomy was performed 7 hours(More)