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We measured specific heat directly by heating a sample uniformly between two electrodes by an electric generator. We minimized heat loss by styrofoam insulation. We measured temperature from multiple thermocouples at temperatures from 25 degrees C to 80 degrees C while heating the sample, and corrected for heat loss. We confirm method accuracy with a 2.5%(More)
The main limitation of radiofrequency (RF) ablation numerical simulations reported in the literature is their failure to provide statistical results based on the statistical variability of tissue thermal-electrical parameters. This work developed an efficient probabilistic approach to hepatic RF ablation in order to statistically evaluate the effect of four(More)
Right ventricle ejection fraction (RVEF) is clinically used to evaluate right ventricular function. The thermodilution method can be modified to estimate the RVEF. However, this method requires a thermistor with a fast time response in order to yield correct estimates. Digital signal processing techniques that were developed in previous works, allow the use(More)
We measured the specific heat of liver tissue in vitro by uniformly heating liver samples between two electrodes. We insulated the samples by expanded polystyrene, and corrected for heat loss and water loss. The specific heat of the liver is temperature-dependent, and increases by 17% at 83.5 degrees C (p < 0.05), compared to temperatures below 65 degrees(More)
BACKGROUND One of the current shortcomings of radiofrequency (RF) tumor ablation is its limited performance in regions close to large blood vessels, resulting in high recurrence rates at these locations. Computer models have been used to determine tissue temperatures during tumor ablation procedures. To simulate large vessels, either constant wall(More)
This work describes the fundamentals and calibration procedure of an instrument for in vivo evaluation of the heat convection coefficient between the endocardium and the circulating blood flow. The instrument is to be used immediately before radio-frequency cardiac ablation is performed. Thus, this instrument provides researchers with a valuable parameter(More)
A catheter-based instrument was used to measure the heat transfer on the right atrial and ventricular endocardial surfaces of two pigs in vivo. The heat transfer parameters will assist in calculating the proper dose for radio-frequency ablation. The time constant of the device was 0.05 s. It was found that the average heat convection coefficient varies(More)
This article presents an algorithm for compression of echocardiographic images. The algorithm is based on the JPEG algorithm and uses a fuzzy inference system to adapt the normalization process of the transformed coefficients through the analysis of the local characteristics of echocardiographic images. The images considered in this paper were acquired in(More)
This article describes the design of a microcontrolled bioinstrumentation system for active control of leg prostheses, using 4-channel electromyographic signal (EMG) detection and a single-channel electrogoniometer. The system is part of a control and instrumentation architecture in which a master processor controls the tasks of slave microcontrollers,(More)
The objective of this work was the study and the development of techniques for acquiring and processing electromyographic signals that can be used for analysis of the behavior of electromyographic variables during fatiguing dynamic activities. Two of the techniques were the RMS value and the MPF, which are commonly used for the analysis of electromyographic(More)