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We report here that enzyme activation precedes the rise in metabolite levels, which appear to limit photosynthetic CO2 fixation during induction in pea leaf chloroplasts. Therefore light activation may be required for the build-up of photosynthetic intermediates and hence for photosynthesis in isolated chloroplasts. Analysis of metabolite levels and the(More)
l-Tyrosine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.25) activity was induced in cell suspension cultures of Thalictrum rugosum Ait. and Eschscholtzia californica Cham. with a yeast polysaccharide preparation (elicitor). The highest l-tyrosine decarboxylase activity in extracts from 7-day-old cell cultures of E. californica was observed 5 hours after addition of 30 to 40(More)
The prion protein (PrP) is implicated in the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs), which comprise a group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases affecting humans and other mammals. Conversion of cellular PrP (PrP(C)) into the scrapie form (PrP(Sc)) is the hallmark of TSEs. Once formed, PrP(Sc) aggregates and catalyzes PrP(C) misfolding into new(More)
After dark-light transitions, there is a delay in photosynthetic CO(2) fixation by isolated pea chloroplasts in the range of some minutes. In order to assess the physiological significance of light modulation of enzyme activity in the control of induction, we made estimates of the kinetic parameters of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase immediately upon release(More)
Young bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L. var Saxa) were fed with three different types of inorganic nitrogen, after being grown on nitrogen-free nutrient solution for 8 days. The pattern of (14)CO(2) fixation was investigated in photosynthesizing primary leaf discs of 11-day-old plants (3 days with nitrogen source) and in a pulse-chase experiment in(More)
Properties of purified l-tyrosine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.25) from elicitor-induced cell suspension cultures of Eschscholtzia californica Cham. and Thalictrum rugosum Ait. are described. l-Tyrosine decarboxylase is a dimeric enzyme with a molecular weight of 112,600 +/- 600 daltons. The isoelectric point was estimated to be at pH 5.2 and pH 5.4 for the(More)
Photosynthetic CO(2)-fixation in isolated pea (Pisum sativum L., cv Little Marvel) chloroplasts during induction is markedly inhibited by 0.4 millimolar sulfite. Sulfate at the same concentration has almost no effect. The (14)CO(2)-fixation pattern indicates that the primary effect of sulfite is inhibition of the reaction catalyzed by ribulose bisphosphate(More)
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